The testimony of the apostle Peter has a decisive bearing upon the
question under consideration; and his testimony is the more weighty because he
was in a special sense the apostle to the Jews (Gal. 2:7,8). Most assuredly
therefore, if there were to be hereafter an era of earthly greatness and
world-supremacy for a revived and re-constituted nation of Israel, and if that
were the hope of Israel, the revelation thereof would be found in the writings
of Peter. But the writings of that servant of Christ show conclusively that,
not only had he no knowledge of such a future for the Jewish nation, but there
is nothing of that sort in the purposes of God.
The testimony we wish particularly to bring to the reader's attention
is found in Peter's second Epistle, Chapter III; but before presenting it, we
will briefly notice several pertinent matters in his first Epistle.
In 1 Peter 1:7 is a reference to "the appearing of Jesus Christ" and
the "praise and honor and glory" that will then be the portion of those who
endure successfully the trial of their faith. The apostle had previously
referred to the living hope of those "strangers... elect according to the
foreknowledge of God"; which hope he describes as - not a place in the
millennial earth, but - "an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that
fadeth not away, reserved in heaven" (v. 4). This is the "salvation (that is)
ready to be revealed in the last time" (v. 5), and this, he says is "the grace
that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ" (v. 13). Can
we think the Holy Spirit would have written thus if the appearing of Jesus
Christ were to be followed by a thousand years (or period) of earthly bliss
for Jews and Gentiles?
Furthermore, the apostle makes at this point an illuminating statement
concerning the general subject of O.T. prophecy, showing that it is not at all
what the Jewish rabbis of that time were teaching (and what is taught among
Christians today) namely, that it had to do with a future state of earthly
glory and dominion for the Jewish nation; but that what was revealed to the
prophets of Israel concerning "the sufferings of Christ and the glory that
should follow," were the very same things "which are now reported unto you by
them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from
heaven" (vv. 11,12). And we have seen by the above quotations that those
things ("which things the angels desire to look into") are such as leave no
room for a millennium of earthly delights. Moreover, were it otherwise, and
were such a millennium a part of "the glory that should follow," it certainly
would have been mentioned here and in other like passages in the N.T.
Chapter II of this first Epistle brings into view two great results of
the sufferings of Christ, namely, first, the "spiritual house" that is now
being built upon Christ, the "chief Corner Stone, elect precious," laid in
Zion; and second, the "holy nation," which is "a royal priesthood" and "a
peculiar people" to God. As has been already pointed out, this passage (I
Peter 2:1-9) shows that the "Zion" of unfulfilled prophecy is a spiritual
locality; that the "temple" of unfulfilled prophecy is a "spiritual house,"
and that the "Israel" that was to inherit the promise of future glory, is that
"holy nation," which includes all who have been begotten again unto a living
hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ and have been redeemed by His
THE PROMISE OF HIS COMING
Turning now to Peter's second Epistle, we find in Chapter III a
prophecy concerning a class of persons, designated "scoffers," who should come
upon the scene "in the last days." It is evident, from the attention paid to
them in this Epistle, that those "scoffers" would constitute a prominent and
highly influential class of persons in the end-times of the gospel era.
(Forgive the intrusion, but consider those scoffers who lived in the end-times
of the old covenant era that Peter knew so intimately; I believe those are to
whom this Epistle refers - TD) What would specially distinguish them is the
doctrine they would hold, the substance of which is the gradual and
uninterrupted progress of human civilization (which is the essence of the
modern theory of evolution); and on the basis of which doctrine they would
deride those Bible prophecies that foretell the sudden and complete
destruction of the world, including all the great works whereof men make their
boast, at the second coming of Christ. The characteristic attitude of those
scoffers of the last days is very plainly revealed by their derisive question:
"Where is the promise of His coming? for since the fathers (which proves that
they were Jews - TD) fell asleep all things continue as they were from the
beginning of the creation" (v. 4).
It is specially to be noted, for the purpose of the present inquiry,
that the apostle here contemplates the coming of Christ - not as the beginning
of an era of tranquility and prosperity for the earth, but - as the signal for
its utter destruction. (or that of the "elements" of the Old Covenant (Gal.
4:3-5), but his point is well taken - TD)
Those "scoffers," whose doctrine so strikingly resembles that of
present-day evolutionists and modernists, are charged with being "willingly
ignorant" of historical facts recorded in the Bible, which show that all
things have not continued without interruption at the hand of God, and also of
Bible prophecies, to the effect that mundane affairs will not continue without
interruption on His part in the future. Specifically the apostle charges them
with being willfully (or willingly) ignorant that the world, which existed in
the days of Noah, having been, by the word of God, "overflowed with water,
perished"; and that, correspondingly, "the heavens and earth which now are, by
the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of
judgment and perdition of ungodly men" (vv. 5-7).
This gives us Peter's outlook for the world that now is, and tells
what is to happen to it at the coming again of Jesus Christ - not a millennium
of peace and plenty, but total destruction by fire, a destruction comparable
to what was accomplished in the days of Noah by the agency of water.
The passage gives us also the Holy Spirit's answer to those who scoff
at the promise of the coming again of the Lord Jesus Christ; an answer which
manifestly cold not have been given if His coming were to have the effect of
changing the present conditions on earth into a millennium of unmixed
Then follows (vv. 8,9) the Divine explanation of what appears, from
the human standpoint, to be a long delay on God's part, evincing the slackness
in the fulfilment of His promise. First, the apostle reminds his readers that
God, who inhabiteth eternity, does not measure time as man does; for that with
Him one day is as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day. And he
adds (this being a statement to which special heed should be given) "The Lord
is not slack concerning His promise, as some men count slackness; but is long
suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should
come to repentance."
This verse needs no explanation; for it plainly declares what the
preceding verses had distinctly intimated, that at the coming again of Jesus
Christ the opportunity for repentance will end, and all who have not
previously repented will "perish"; just as in the days of Noah all who were
not in the ark "perished" (v. 6). It is absolutely impossible, in the light of
this verse, to maintain that the entire Jewish nation is to be saved (and many
Gentiles also) at the Lord's second coming.
Manifestly, if there were to be, as now is commonly taught, salvation
for every Jew in the world, and for Gentiles too, at the second coming of
Christ, it could not be said that the delay in His coming is due to the long
suffering of God and to His desire that not any should perish.
The apostle then proceeds to declare that, notwithstanding the seeming
delay, and notwithstanding the confident assertions to the contrary of the
scoffers of the last days, "the day of the Lord will come" (v. 10); and
moreover he proceeds to tell how it will come, and also what will happen when
it does come.
First be it observed that the apostle speaks of the coming of Christ
and the coming of the day of the Lord as one and the same thing. It is utterly
impossible therefore, that a period of a thousand years should intervene
between the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ and "the day of the Lord." This
makes pre-millennialism of the current type (which is practically the same as
that held by the Jew of Christ's day) an impossibility.
Then the apostle declares that the day of the Lord will come as a
complete surprise, even "as a thief in the night"; and in so saying, Peter is
merely repeating what Christ Himself had declared with great emphasis and
particularity. Paul also says the same (I Thess. 2:5) and John likewise (Rev.
3:3). The testimony of Scripture to the effect that the second coming of
Christ will be at such a time as will take all men, His own followers
included, by surprise, is copious and very impressive. And this makes it still
further impossible that His coming should be at the end of a millennium of
earthly tranquility, peace and prosperity; so that the Scripture we are
considering is as fatal to post-millennialism, of the type currently held by
some, as it is to pre-millennialism.
Let us recall some of the plain statements of Scripture touching this
transcendently important matter:
Matthew 24:47. "As the lightening cometh out of the east and shineth unto
the west; so also shall the coming of the Son of man be." (See Luke 17:24).
Matthew 24:30,31. "They shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds with
power and great glory. And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a
I Thess. 4:16. It will be "with a shout, the voice of the archangel and the
trump of God."
Matt. 24:36-42. It will be unexpectedly; at a time known only to the
I Thess. 5:2,3. "The day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. For
when they shall say, Peace and safety, then sudden destruction cometh upon
II Thess. 1:7-9. "The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His
mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and
that obey not the gospel - who shall be punished with everlasting destruction
from the presence of the Lord."
In order to uphold the doctrine of a millennium under Jewish auspices
to follow the coming of the Lord, it is necessary to assume that Peter, in
writing the above prophecy, purposely overlooked the millennium, passing it
over in silence and writing as if the next thing following this present age
was to be the day of judgment. But what calls for explanation, in order to
give plausibility to the above supposition, and what has never been explained
to the writer's satisfaction, is how - upon the assumption that this age is to
be followed by a millennium of earthly bliss - the apostle Peter, and every
other New Testament writer who deals with the subject of Christ's second
coming, could write as if the day of judgment were to follow immediately
That Peter does indeed write as if the next thing after this day of
salvation is the day of the Lord, and that every other N.T. writer does the
same, is indisputable; and the only reasonable explanation thereof is that
they have so written because so it is to be.
Then the apostle delivers an admonition based upon his prediction of
what is to happen when Christ comes again, saying: "Seeing then that all these
things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy
conversation and godliness, looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day
of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements
shall melt with fervent heat" (v. 11,12).
Manifestly, Peter could not have written this admonition if, instead
of predicting the day of judgment at the second coming of Christ, he had
foretold a millennium of earthly delights; for clearly it is not possible for
God's people of this present era to be impressed by the approaching
dissolution of the existing heavens and earth and to be "looking for," much
less "hasting unto," the day of God, if in fact, and if the word of God
elsewhere makes known, that a thousand years are to intervene, during which
the earth that now is will exist in a glorified state.
Then Peter says: "Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for
new heavens and a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness." But manifestly,
the new heavens and new earth could not be in the foreground of his
expectation, or of ours, if there were to come first a millennium of the
Lord's own presence, during which we are to share the glory of His throne. In
that case "the coming of the day of God" would be but faintly in view, if at
In this connection we should recall the Lord's promise to His
disciples that in the regeneration, they should sit on twelve thrones, judging
the twelve tribes of Israel. That prospect must have been always before
Peter's eyes; and since he here tells us that he according to the Lord's
promise, was looking for new heavens and a new earth, it is certain that
Christ's promise to his disciples will be fulfilled - not in an earthly
millennium, but - in the new creation.
No one, we are sure, could read this passage in 2 Peter with an open
mind, and in simple confidence that the word of God is written to enlighten
and not to mislead, without being convinced that, at the end of this present
day of salvation, Christ will come again; and that His coming will be followed
immediately by the day of judgment, the destruction of the present creation by
fire, and the ushering in of the new heavens and new earth. And we say,
moreover, that there is not a passage anywhere in the Bible that teaches, or
that fairly implies, anything to the contrary; while there are not a few that
It is appropriate at this point to turn back a few pages to the Book
of Hebrews, and to recall once more that the fathers of Israel were taught,
even as the saints of the present era are taught, to look - not for a
glorified earth, whereof the earthly Jerusalem is to be the metropolitan city
and the religious center, but - "for a city which hath foundations, whose
builder and maker is God," and for "a better country, that is an heavenly"
(Heb. 11:10 and 16).
Peter's concluding exhortation reiterates the main doctrine of the
passage, namely, that "the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation"; thus
evincing a desire to impress upon the reader's mind that the lapse of time
before the fulfilment of the promise of His coming is due to the solemn fact
that His coming marks the very end of the day of salvation. And Peter
continues without a break or new sentence, saying, "even as our beloved
brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto
you; as also in all his epistles, speaking of these things."
Let us beware, therefore, of those who would make it appear that Paul,
in his Epistles, teaches anything not in perfect harmony with what Peter
declares in the passage we have been considering. And let it be recalled at
this point that, as has already been shown, Paul also, in his foretelling of
the second coming of Christ, gives prominence to the fact that it will be
attended by the destruction of the world by fire, and the judgment and
perdition of ungodly men. For Paul too looks on to the end of the present
order of things; to the time when God will recompense tribulation to them who
now trouble His people, and to those who now are troubled rest with his
apostles; and according to Paul, that will be "when the Lord Jesus shall be
revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance
on them that know not God and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus
Christ, who shall be punished with everlasting destruction form the presence
of the Lord, and from the glory of His power." And once more we are told that
this will be "When He shall come to be glorified in His saints and to be
admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was
believed) in that day (2 Thess. 1:6-10). Thus we see that, as in Peter's
account, so likewise in Paul's the conspicuous features of the events that
will attend the coming again of the Lord Jesus Christ from heaven, and the
flaming fire, and the everlasting punishment of the ungodly. Paul identifies
these as they "that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord
Jesus Christ"; which words make it evident that the events he describes - that
is, the awarding of "rest" to God's people and "tribulation" to their enemies
- will take place at the end of this day of gospel salvation. "That day" of
vengeance will follow next after this day of the gospel.
Again we see, as from Peter's description of that coming "day of the
Lord's vengeance" (Isa. 34:8), that it is impossible that those events could
be preceded by a millennium during which the earth was populated by none but
worshippers of God. So this passage in 2 Thessalonians also makes
post-millennialism (of the commonly held sort) an utter impossibility.
Between the teaching of Paul and that of modern pre-millennialists
there is this immense difference: According to the former, all who obey not
the gospel of Christ are to be punished, when He comes again, with everlasting
destruction from His presence; but according to the latter, the Jewish
rejecters of the gospel (and others a little later) are to be blessed with a
thousand years of undiluted happiness and prosperity in His presence. Is it
possible to imagine a greater difference than that?
In the endeavor to harmonize this passage (2 Thess. 1:7-10) with the
usual pre-millennial teaching, it is sometimes said that the passage refers to
a "second stage" of Christ's coming. For according to one of the recent
refinements of the doctrine, the one "coming' of our Lord is divided into
several "stages," and certain passages are assigned to the first stage, and
others, that cannot be made to agree with the interpretation placed upon the
first group of Scriptures, to the second stage; it being usual to place the
"great tribulation" - which we are told is to last three-and-a-half years -
between the two "stages." But, apart from the fact that there is not the
slightest warrant for this arbitrary arrangement of passages, which all refer
to one and the same coming of the Lord from heaven, the difficulty referred to
above is not in the least lessened thereby. For it is impossible to see, in
the light of this passage, how any segment of humanity, Jew or Gentile, can be
converted and blessed after a first (or any other) stage of the Lord's coming.
Furthermore, to those who give attention to the wording of the passage
it will be evident that it relates - not to a later stage, but - to the very
earliest period of the Lord's second coming. For all are agreed that the first
thing on the program of the events of "that day," is the resurrection of "the
dead in Christ" and the catching away of all who are His (the living being
changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye) to meet the Lord in the air.
Such is the clear teaching of I Corinthians 15:51,52 and I Thessalonians
4:13017. And it is important (in view of the modern teaching of a "secret
rapture") to notice that both the above cited passages make this to be a
world-shaking event. The first (I Cor. 15:51,52) states that the instantaneous
change of all the people of God in the world to the state of immortality, and
the simultaneous raising of the dead incorruptible, will be "at the last
trump; for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised
incorruptible, and we shall be changed." And the second passage puts it thus:
"For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice
of the archangel and with the trump of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise
first; then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with
them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air; and so shall we ever be with
the Lord" (I Thess. 4:13-17).
All are agree, we believe (and certainly it should be evident to all
who give consideration thereto) that these two passages refer to the same
coming events. And it seems quite clear also that the passage we have quoted
from 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10 refers to the very same events; for the apostle is
there speaking of the time when God will award "rest" to His people, the time
of the union of Christ with His saints, when He shall come to be glorified and
admired in them. All the passages we have examined, and all others that relate
to the subject in hand, agree in testifying that, at the coming again of our
Lord from heaven, the day of salvation will end, and the day of eternal "rest"
for His people, and of eternal "destruction" for His enemies, will begin.