1. Freedom from (all)
obligations (is declared) from Allâh and His Messenger (SAW) to those of the Mushrikûn
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allâh), with whom you made a treaty.
2. So travel freely
(O Mushrikûn - see V.2:105) for four months (as you
will) throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from
the Punishment of) Allâh, and Allâh will disgrace
3. And a declaration
from Allâh and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest
day (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah - the 12th month of Islâmic
calendar) that Allâh is free from (all) obligations to the
Mushrikûn (see V.2:105) and so is His Messenger.
So if you (Mushrikûn) repent, it is better for you,
but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the
Punishment of) Allâh. And give tidings (O Muhammad SAW) of a painful torment to those
4. Except those of
the Mushrikûn with whom you have a treaty, and who
have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported
anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end
of their term. Surely Allâh loves Al- Mattaqûn
(the pious - see V.2:2).
5. Then when the
Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islâmic
calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikûn (see
V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege
them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they
repent and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât),
and give Zakât, then leave their way free. Verily,
Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6. And if anyone
of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) seeks your protection
then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allâh
(the Qur'ân), and then escort him to where he can be secure,
that is because they are men who know not.
7. How can there
be a covenant with Allâh and with His Messenger for the
Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers
in the Oneness of Allâh) except those with whom you made
a covenant near Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah)? So
long, as they are true to you, stand you true to them. Verily,
Allâh loves Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).
8. How (can there
be such a covenant with them) that when you are overpowered by
them, they regard not the ties, either of kinship or of covenant
with you? With (good words from) their mouths they please you,
but their hearts are averse to you, and most of them are Fâsiqûn
(rebellious, disobedient to Allâh).
9. They have purchased
with the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh a little gain, and they
hindered men from His Way; evil indeed is that which they used
10. With regard to
a believer, they respect not the ties, either of kinship or of
covenant! It is they who are the transgressors.
11. But if they repent,
perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât)
and give Zakât, then they are your brethren in religion.
(In this way) We explain the Ayât (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people
12. But if they violate
their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with
disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief
(chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) - for surely their oaths
are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions).
13. Will you not
fight a people who have violated their oaths (pagans of Makkah)
and intended to expel the Messenger, while they did attack you
first? Do you fear them? Allâh has more right that you should
fear Him, if you are believers.
14. Fight against
them so that Allâh will punish them by your hands and disgrace
them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a
15. And remove the
anger of their (believers') hearts. Allâh accepts the repentance
of whom He wills. Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
16. Do you think
that you shall be left alone while Allâh has not yet tested
those among you who have striven hard and fought and have not
taken Walîjah [(Batanah - helpers, advisors
and consultants from disbelievers, pagans, etc.) giving openly
to them their secrets] besides Allâh and His Messenger,
and the believers. Allâh is Well-Acquainted with what you
17. It is not for
the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers
in the Oneness of Allâh), to maintain the Mosques of Allâh
(i.e. to pray and worship Allâh therein, to look after
their cleanliness and their building, etc.), while they witness
against their ownselves of disbelief. The works of such are in
vain and in Fire shall they abide.
18. The Mosques of
Allâh shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allâh
and the Last Day; perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât),
and give Zakât and fear none but Allâh. It
is they who are expected to be on true guidance.
19. Do you consider
the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the maintenance
of Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah) as equal to the
worth of those who believe in Allâh and the Last Day, and
strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allâh? They are not
equal before Allâh. And Allâh guides not those people
who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).
20. Those who believed
(in the Oneness of Allâh - Islâmic Monotheism) and
emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allâh's Cause with
their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allâh.
They are the successful.
21. Their Lord gives
them glad tidings of a Mercy from Him, and that He is pleased
(with them), and of Gardens (Paradise) for them wherein are everlasting
22. They will dwell
therein forever. Verily, with Allâh is a great reward.
23. O you who believe!
Take not for Auliyâ' (supporters and helpers) your
fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief.
And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zâlimûn
24. Say: If your
fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the
wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a
decline, and the dwellings in which you delight
to you than Allâh and His Messenger, and striving hard and
fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allâh
brings about His Decision (torment). And Allâh guides not
the people who are Al-Fâsiqûn (the rebellious,
disobedient to Allâh).
25. Truly Allâh
has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the Day of
Hunain (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number but it
availed you naught and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened
for you, then you turned back in flight.
26. Then Allâh
did send down His Sakînah (calmness, tranquillity
and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and on the believers, and sent
down forces (angels) which you saw not, and punished the disbelievers.
Such is the recompense of disbelievers.
27. Then after that
Allâh will accept the repentance of whom He will. And Allâh
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
28. O you who believe
(in Allâh's Oneness and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, the Mushrikûn
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allâh, and in the Message of Muhammad SAW) are Najasun (impure).
So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at
Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allâh
will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty. Surely, Allâh
is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
29. Fight against
those who (1) believe not in Allâh, (2) nor in the Last
Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allâh
and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion
of truth (i.e. Islâm) among the people of the Scripture
(Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah
with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
30. And the Jews
say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allâh, and the Christians
say: Messiah is the son of Allâh. That is a saying from
their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old.
Allâh's Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from
31. They (Jews and
Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords
besides Allâh (by obeying them in things which they made
lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being
ordered by Allâh), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah,
son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded
[in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) to worship
none but One Ilâh (God - Allâh) Lâ
ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped
but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far
above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)."
32. They (the disbelievers,
the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allâh's
Light (with which Muhammad SAW
has been sent - Islâmic Monotheism) with their mouths,
but Allâh will not allow except that His Light should be
perfected even though the Kâfirûn (disbelievers)
33. It is He Who
has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)
with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâm), to make
it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikûn
(polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allâh) hate (it).
34. O you who believe!
Verily, there are many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian)
monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder
(them) from the Way of Allâh (i.e. Allâh's Religion
of Islâmic Monotheism). And those who hoard up gold and
silver [Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakât of
which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allâh,
-announce unto them a painful torment.
35. On the Day when
that (Al-Kanz: money, gold and silver, etc., the Zakât
of which has not been paid) will be heated in the Fire of
Hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks,
and their backs, (and it will be said unto them):-"This is
the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what
you used to hoard."
36. Verily, the number
of months with Allâh is twelve months (in a year), so was
it ordained by Allâh on the Day when He created the heavens
and the earth; of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th,
the 11th and the 12th months of the Islâmic calendar). That
is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein, and fight
against the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) collectively,
as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allâh
is with those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see
37. The postponing
(of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief: thereby
the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year
and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months
forbidden by Allâh, and make such forbidden ones lawful.
The evil of their deeds seems pleasing to them. And Allâh
guides not the people, who disbelieve.
38. O you who believe!
What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march
forth in the Cause of Allâh (i.e. Jihâd) you
cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this
world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of
the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter.
39. If you march
not forth, He will punish you with a painful torment and will
replace you by another people, and you cannot harm Him at all,
and Allâh is Able to do all things.
40. If you help him
not (it does not matter), for Allâh did indeed help him
when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they
and Abu Bakr ÑÖì <>
<>) were in the cave, and he (SAW) said to his companion (Abu Bakr
ÑÖì <> <>):
"Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allâh is with us."
Then Allâh sent down His Sakînah (calmness,
tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with
forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those
who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allâh
that became the uppermost, and Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
41. March forth,
whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy
(being ill, old and poor), strive hard with your wealth and your
lives in the Cause of Allâh. This is better for you, if
you but knew.
42. Had it been a
near gain (booty in front of them) and an easy journey, they would
have followed you, but the distance (Tabuk expedition) was long
for them, and they would swear by Allâh, "If we only
could, we would certainly have come forth with you." They
destroy their ownselves, and Allâh knows that they are liars.
43. May Allâh
forgive you (O Muhammad SAW).
Why did you grant them leave (for remaining behind, you should
have persisted as regards your order to them to proceed on Jihâd),
until those who told the truth were seen by you in a clear light,
and you had known the liars?
44. Those who believe
in Allâh and the Last Day would not ask your leave to be
exempted from fighting with their properties and their lives,
and Allâh is the All-Knower of Al-Muttaqûn (the
pious - see V.2:2).
45. It is only those
who believe not in Allâh and the Last Day and whose hearts
are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from Jihâd).
So in their doubts they waver.
46. And if they had
intended to march out, certainly, they would have made some preparation
for it, but Allâh was averse to their being sent forth,
so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them), "Sit
you among those who sit (at home)."
47. Had they marched
out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder,
and they would have hurried about in your midst (spreading corruption)
and sowing sedition among you, and there are some among you who
would have listened to them. And Allâh is the All-Knower
of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers,
48. Verily, they
had plotted sedition before, and had upset matters for you, -
until the truth (victory) came and the Decree of Allâh (His
Religion, Islâm) became manifest though they hated it.
49. And among them
is he who says:"Grant me leave (to be exempted from Jihâd)
and put me not into trial." Surely, they have fallen into
trial. And verily, Hell is surrounding the disbelievers.
50. If good befalls
you (O Muhammad SAW),
it grieves them, but if a calamity overtakes you, they say: "We
took our precaution beforehand," and they turn away rejoicing.
51. Say: "Nothing
shall ever happen to us except what Allâh has ordained for
us. He is our Maulâ (Lord, Helper and Protector)."
And in Allâh let the believers put their trust.
52. Say: "Do
you wait for us (anything) except one of the two best things (martyrdom
or victory); while we await for you either that Allâh will
afflict you with a punishment from Himself or at our hands. So
wait, we too are waiting with you."
53. Say: "Spend
(in Allâh's Cause) willingly or unwillingly, it will not
be accepted from you. Verily, you are ever a people who are Fâsiqûn
(rebellious, disobedient to Allâh)."
54. And nothing prevents
their contributions from being accepted from them except that
they disbelieved in Allâh and in His Messenger (Muhammad
SAW); and that they came not to As-Salât
(the prayer) except in a lazy state; and
that they offer not contributions but unwillingly.
55. So let not their
wealth or their children amaze you (O Muhammad SAW); in reality Allâh's Plan
is to punish them with these things in the life of the this world,
and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.
56. They swear by
Allâh that they are truly of you while they are not of you,
but they are a people (hypocrites) who are afraid (that you may
57. Should they find
a refuge, or caves, or a place of concealment, they would turn
straightway thereto with a swift rush.
58. And of them are
some who accuse you (O Muhammad SAW)
in the matter of (the distribution of) the alms. If they are given
part thereof, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof,
behold! They are enraged!
59. Would that they
were contented with what Allâh and His Messenger (SAW) gave them and had said: "Allâh
is Sufficient for us. Allâh will give us of His Bounty,
and (also) His Messenger (from alms, etc.). We implore Allâh
(to enrich us)."
(here it means Zakât) are
only for the Fuqarâ' (poor),
and Al-Masâkin (the poor)
and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract
the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islâm);
and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allâh's
Cause (i.e. for Mujâhidûn - those fighting
in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut
off from everything); a duty imposed by Allâh. And Allâh
is All-Knower, All-Wise.
61. And among them
are men who hurt the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and say: "He is (lending
his) ear (to every news)." Say: "He listens to what
is best for you; he believes in Allâh; has faith in the
believers; and is a mercy to those of you who believe." But
those who hurt Allâh's Messenger (Muhammad SAW) will have a painful torment.
62. They swear by
Allâh to you (Muslims) in order to please you, but it is
more fitting that they should please Allâh and His Messenger
if they are believers.
63. Know they not
that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allâh (ÚÒ
æ Ìá) and His Messenger (SAW), certainly for him will be the
Fire of Hell to abide therein. That is extreme disgrace.
64. The hypocrites
fear lest a Sûrah (chapter of the Qur'ân) should
be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts.
Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allâh will
bring to light all that you fear."
65. If you ask them
(about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and
joking." Say: "Was it at Allâh (ÚÒ
æ Ìá), and His Ayât (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His
that you were mocking?"
66. Make no excuse;
you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some
of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimûn
(disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.).
67. The hypocrites,
men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people)
Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and
all that Islâm has forbidden), and forbid (people) from
Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all
that Islâm orders one to do), and they close their hands
[from giving (spending in Allâh's Cause) alms, etc.]. They
have forgotten Allâh, so He has forgotten them. Verily,
the hypocrites are the Fâsiqûn (rebellious,
disobedient to Allâh).
68. Allâh has
promised the hypocrites; men and women, and the disbelievers,
the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them.
Allâh has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment.
69. Like those before
you, they were mightier than you in power, and more abundant in
wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so
enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion
awhile; and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies
against Allâh and His Messenger Muhammad SAW) as they indulged in play and
pastime. Such are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and
in the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
70. Has not the story
reached them of those before them? - The people of Nûh (Noah),
'Ad, and Thamûd, the people of Ibrahîm (Abraham),
the dwellers of Madyan (Midian) and the cities overthrown [i.e.
the people to whom Lout (Lot) preached], to them came their Messengers
with clear proofs. So it was not Allâh Who wronged them,
but they used to wrong themselves.
71. The believers,
men and women, are Auliyâ' (helpers, supporters,
friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people)
Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all
that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar
(i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that
Islâm has forbidden); they perform As-Salât
(Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give the Zakât,
and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have
His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
72. Allâh has
promised to the believers -men and women, - Gardens under which
rivers flow to dwell therein forever, and beautiful mansions in
Gardens of 'Adn (Eden Paradise). But the greatest
bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allâh. That is the supreme
73. O Prophet (Muhammad
SAW)! Strive hard against the disbelievers
and the hypocrites, and be harsh against them, their abode is
Hell, - and worst indeed is that destination.
74. They swear by
Allâh that they said nothing (bad), but really they said
the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islâm,
and they resolved that (plot to murder Prophet Muhammad SAW) which they were unable to carry
out, and they could not find any cause to do so except that Allâh
and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty. If then they
repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away, Allâh
will punish them with a painful torment in this worldly life and
in the Hereafter. And there is none for them on earth as a Walî
(supporter, protector) or a helper.
75. And of them are
some who made a covenant with Allâh (saying): "If He
bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give Sadaqâh
(Zakât and voluntary charity in Allâh's
Cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous."
76. Then when He
gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to pay
the Sadaqâh (Zakât or voluntary charity)],
and turned away, averse.
77. So He punished
them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon
they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with Allâh)
which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies.
78. Know they not
that Allâh knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa
(secret counsels), and that Allâh is the All-Knower
of the unseen.
79. Those who defame
such of the believers who give charity (in Allâh's Cause)
voluntarily, and those who could not find to give charity (in
Allâh's Cause) except what is available to them, so they
mock at them (believers), Allâh will throw back their mockery
on them, and they shall have a painful torment.
80. Whether you (O
ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask not forgiveness for
(and even) if you ask seventy times for their forgiveness
Allâh will not forgive them, because they have disbelieved
in Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW). And Allâh guides not those
people who are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient
81. Those who stayed
away (from Tabuk expedition) rejoiced in their staying behind
the Messenger of Allâh; they hated to strive and fight with
their properties and their lives in the Cause of Allâh,
and they said: "March not forth in the heat." Say: "The
Fire of Hell is more intense in heat", if only they could
82. So let them laugh
a little and (they will) cry much as a recompense of what they
used to earn (by committing sins).
83. If Allâh
brings you back to a party of them (the hypocrites), and they
ask your permission to go out (to fight), say: "Never shall
you go out with me, nor fight an enemy with me; you agreed to
sit inactive on the first occasion, then you sit (now) with those
who lag behind."
84. And never (O
pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor
stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allâh
and His Messenger, and died while they were Fâsiqûn
(rebellious, - disobedient to Allâh and His Messenger
85. And let not their
wealth or their children amaze you. Allâh's Plan is to punish
them with these things in this world, and that their souls shall
depart (die) while they are disbelievers.
86. And when a Sûrah
(chapter from the Qur'ân) is revealed, enjoining them
to believe in Allâh and to strive hard and fight along with
His Messenger, the wealthy among them ask your leave to exempt
them (from Jihâd) and say, "Leave us (behind),
we would be with those who sit (at home)."
87. They are content
to be with those (the women) who sit behind (at home). Their hearts
are sealed up (from all kinds of goodness and right guidance),
so they understand not.
88. But the Messenger
and those who believed with him (in Islâmic Monotheism)
strove hard and fought with their wealth and their lives (in Allâh's
Cause). Such are they for whom are the good things, and it is
they who will be successful.
89. For them Allâh
has got ready Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell
therein forever. That is the supreme success.
90. And those who
made excuses from the bedouins came (to you, O Prophet SAW) asking your permission to exempt
them (from the battle), and those who had lied to Allâh
and His Messenger sat at home (without asking the permission for
it); a painful torment will seize those of them who disbelieve.
91. There is no blame
on those who are weak or ill or who find no resources to spend
[in holy fighting (Jihâd)], if they are sincere and
true (in duty) to Allâh and His Messenger.
No ground (of complaint) can there be against the Muhsinûn
(good-doers - see the footnote of V.9:120). And Allâh
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
92. Nor (is there
blame) on those who came to you to be provided
with mounts, and when you said: "I can find no mounts for
you," they turned back, while their eyes overflowing with
tears of grief that they could not find anything to spend (for
93. The ground (of
complaint) is only against those who are rich, and yet ask exemption.
They are content to be with (the women) who sit behind (at home)
and Allâh has sealed up their hearts (from all kinds of
goodness and right guidance) so that they know not (what they
94. They (the hypocrites)
will present their excuses to you (Muslims), when you return to
them. Say (O Muhammad SAW)
"Present no excuses, we shall not believe you. Allâh
has already informed us of the news concerning you. Allâh
and His Messenger will observe your deeds. In the end you will
be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen,
then He (Allâh) will inform you of what you used to do."
95. They will swear
by Allâh to you (Muslims) when you return to them, that
you may turn away from them. So turn away from them. Surely, they
are Rijsun [i.e. Najasun
(impure) because of their evil deeds], and Hell is their dwelling
place, - a recompense for that which they used to earn.
96. They (the hypocrites)
swear to you (Muslims) that you may be pleased with them, but
if you are pleased with them, certainly Allâh is not pleased
with the people who are Al-Fâsiqûn (rebellious,
disobedient to Allâh).
97. The bedouins
are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be
in ignorance of the limits (Allâh's Commandments and His
Legal Laws, etc.) which Allâh has revealed to His Messenger.
And Allâh is All-Knower, All-Wise.
98. And of the bedouins
there are some who look upon what they spend (in Allâh's
Cause) as a fine and watch for calamities for you, on them be
the calamity of evil. And Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
99. And of the bedouins
there are some who believe in Allâh and the Last Day, and
look upon what they spend in Allâh's Cause as approaches
to Allâh, and a cause of receiving the Messenger's invocations.
Indeed these (spendings in Allâh's Cause) are an approach
for them. Allâh will admit them to His Mercy. Certainly
Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
100. And the first
to embrace Islâm of the Muhâjirûn (those
who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansâr
(the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the
Muhâjirûn) and also those who followed them
exactly (in Faith). Allâh is well-pleased with them as they
are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under
which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is
the supreme success.
101. And among the
bedouins round about you, some are hypocrites, and so are some
among the people of Al-Madinah, they exaggerate and persist in
hypocrisy, you (O Muhammad SAW)
know them not, We know them. We shall punish them twice, and thereafter
they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment.
102. And (there are)
others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed
that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allâh
will turn unto them in forgiveness. Surely, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving,
103. Take Sadaqah
(alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify
them with it, and invoke Allâh for them. Verily! Your invocations
are a source of security for them, and Allâh is All-Hearer,
104. Know they not
that Allâh accepts repentance from His slaves and takes
the Sadaqât (alms, charities) and that All&achrc;h
Alone is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful?
105. And say (O Muhammad
SAW) "Do deeds! Allâh will
see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers.
And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and
the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do."
106. And others await
Allâh's Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive
them. And Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
107. And as for those
who put up a mosque by way of harming and disbelief, and to disunite
the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against
Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) aforetime, they will indeed swear
that their intention is nothing but good. Allâh bears witness
that they are certainly liars.
108. Never stand
you therein. Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from
the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to
pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves.
And Allâh loves those who make themselves clean and pure
(i.e. who clean their private parts with dust [i.e. to be considered
as soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the
call of nature].
109. Is it then he,
who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allâh
and His Good Pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of
his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to
crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the
Fire of Hell. And Allâh guides not the people who are the
Zâlimûn (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist
110. The building
which they built will never cease to be a cause of hypocrisy and
doubt in their hearts, unless their hearts are cut to pieces.
(i.e. till they die). And Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
111. Verily, Allâh
has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties;
for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in
Allâh's Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It
is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurât
(Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur'ân. And who
is truer to his covenant than Allâh? Then rejoice in the
bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success.
112. (The believers
whose lives Allâh has purchased are) those who repent to
Allâh (from polytheism and hypocrisy, etc.), who worship
Him, who praise Him, who fast (or go out in Allâh's Cause),
who bow down (in prayer), who prostrate themselves (in prayer),
who enjoin (people) for Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islâmic
Monotheism and all what Islâm has ordained) and forbid (people)
from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds
and all that Islâm has forbidden), and who observe the limits
set by Allâh (do all that Allâh has ordained and abstain
from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allâh has forbidden).
And give glad tidings to the believers.
113. It is not (proper)
for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allâh's Forgiveness
for the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) even though they be
of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers
of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief).
114. And [Ibrahîm's
(Abraham)] invoking (of Allâh) for his father's forgiveness
was only because of a promise he [Ibrahîm (Abraham)] had
made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahîm
(Abraham)] that he (his father) is an enemy to Allâh, he
dissociated himself from him. Verily Ibrahîm (Abraham) was
Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the correct
one seems to be that he used to invoke Allâh with humility,
glorify Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing. (Tafsir
115. And Allâh
will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until
He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid. Verily, Allâh
is the All-Knower of everything.
116. Verily, Allâh!
Unto Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He
gives life and He causes death. And besides Allâh you have
neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any
has forgiven the Prophet (SAW),
the Muhajirûn (Muslim emigrants who left their homes
and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of Al-Madinah)
who followed him (Muhammad SAW)
in the time of distress (Tabûk expedition, etc.), after
the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right
Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto
them full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
118. And (He did
forgive also) the three [who did not join the Tabûk expedition
(whom the Prophet SAW)]
left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, and their
case was suspended for Allâh's Decision) till for them the
earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were
straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing
from Allâh, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He accepted
their repentance, that they might repent (unto Him). Verily, Allâh
is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.
119. O you who believe!
Be afraid of Allâh, and be with those who are true (in words
120. It was not becoming
of the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the neighbourhood
to remain behind Allâh's Messenger (Muhammad SAW when fighting in Allâh's
Cause) and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives
to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue,
nor hunger in the Cause of Allâh, nor they take any step
to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon
an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness.
Surely, Allâh wastes not the reward of the Muhsinûn
121. Nor do they
spend anything (in Allâh's Cause) - small or great - nor
cross a valley, but is written to their credit, that Allâh
may recompense them with the best of what they used to do (i.e.
Allâh will reward their good deeds according to the reward
of their best deeds which they did in the most perfect manner).
122. And it is not
(proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihâd)
all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth,
that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islâmic)
religion, and that they may warn their people when they return
to them, so that they may beware (of evil).
123. O you who believe!
Fight those of the disbelievers who are close to you, and let
them find harshness in you, and know that Allâh is with
those who are the Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).