19. Surât Maryam
In the Name of Allâh, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'ân,
and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings].
2. (This is) a mention
of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariya (Zachariah).
3. When he called
out his Lord (Allâh) a call in secret,
4. Saying: "My
Lord! Indeed my bones have grown feeble, and grey hair has spread
on my head, And I have never been unblest in my invocation to
You, O my Lord!
5. "And Verily!
I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give
me from Yourself an heir,
6. "Who shall
inherit me, and inherit (also) the posterity of Ya'qûb (Jacob)
(inheritance of the religious knowledge and Prophethood, not the
wealth, etc.). And make him, my Lord, one with whom You are Well-pleased!".
7. (Allâh said)
"O Zakariya (Zachariah)! Verily, We give you the glad tidings
of a son, His name will be Yahya (John). We have given that name
to none before (him)."
8. He said: "My
Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have
reached the extreme old age."
9. He said: "So
(it will be). Your Lord says; It is easy for Me. Certainly I have
created you before, when you had been nothing!"
10. [Zakariya (Zachariah)]
said: "My Lord! Appoint for me a sign." He said: "Your
sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights,
though having no bodily defect."
11. Then he came
out to his people from Al-Mihrâb (a praying place
or a private room, etc.), he told them by signs to glorify Allâh's
Praises in the morning and in the afternoon.
12. (It was said
to his son): "O Yahya (John)! Hold fast the Scripture [the
Taurât (Torah)]." And We gave him wisdom while yet
13. And (made him)
sympathetic to men as a mercy (or a grant) from Us, and pure from
sins [i.e. Yahya (John)] and he was righteous,
14. And dutiful towards
his parents, and he was neither an arrogant nor disobedient (to
Allâh or to his parents).
15. And Salâmun
(peace) be on him the day he was born, the day he dies, and
the day he will be raised up to life (again)!
16. And mention in
the Book (the Qur'ân, O Muhammad SAW , the story of) Maryam (Mary),
when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing
17. She placed a
screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our
Ruh [angel Jibrael (Gabriel)], and he appeared before her
in the form of a man in all respects.
18. She said: "Verily!
I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allâh) from you,
if you do fear Allâh."
19. (The angel) said:
"I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you
the gift of a righteous son."
20. She said: "How
can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?"
21. He said: "So
(it will be), your Lord said: 'That is easy for Me (Allâh):
And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy
from Us (Allâh), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by
22. So she conceived
him, and she withdrew
with him to a far place (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles
23. And the pains
of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said:
"Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten
and out of sight!"
24. Then [the babe
'Iesa (Jesus) or Jibrael (Gabriel)] cried unto her from below
her, saying: "Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water
stream under you;
25. "And shake
the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates
26. "So eat
and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: 'Verily!
I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allâh) so
I shall not speak to any human being this day.'"
27. Then she brought
him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: "O
Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariya (an unheard
28. "O sister
(i.e. the like) of Hârûn (Aaron) [not the brother
of Mûsa (Moses), but he was another pious man at the time
of Maryam (Mary)]! Your father was not a man who used to commit
adultery, nor your mother was an unchaste woman."
29. Then she pointed
to him. They said: "How can we talk to one who is a child
in the cradle?"
30. "He ['Iesa
(Jesus)] said: Verily! I am a slave of Allâh, He has given
me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;"
31. "And He
has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Salât
(prayer), and Zakât, as long as I live."
32. "And dutiful
to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest.
33. "And Salâm
(peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and
the day I shall be raised alive!"
34. Such is 'Iesa
(Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). (it is) a statement of truth, about
which they doubt (or dispute).
35. It befits not
(the Majesty of) Allâh that He should beget a son [this
refers to the slander of Christians against Allâh, by saying
that 'Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allâh]. Glorified (and
Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He
decrees a thing, He only says to it, "Be!" and it is.
36. ['Iesa (Jesus)
said]: "And verily Allâh is my Lord and your Lord.
So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allâh's
Religion of Islâmic Monotheism which He did ordain for all
of His Prophets)." [Tafsir At-Tabarî]
37. Then the sects
differed [i.e. the Christians about 'Iesa (Jesus) <><>], so woe unto
the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that
'Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allâh] from the meeting of a
great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown
in the blazing Fire).
38. How clearly will
they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh)
see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the
Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in
39. And warn them
(O Muhammad SAW)
of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided,
while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe
40. Verily! We will
inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all
shall be returned,
41. And mention in
the Book (the Qur'ân) Ibrâhim (Abraham). Verily! He
was a man of truth, a Prophet.
42. When he said
to his father: "O my father! Why do you worship that which
hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything?
43. "O my father!
Verily! There has come to me of knowledge that which came not
unto you. So follow me. I will guide you to a Straight Path.
44. "O my father!
Worship not Shaitân (Satan). Verily! Shaitân
(Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Beneficent (Allâh).
45. "O my father!
Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allâh)
overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitân
(Satan) (in the Hell-fire)." [Tafsir Al-Qurtubî]
46. He (the father)
said: "Do you reject my gods, O Ibrâhim (Abraham)?
If you stop not (this), I will indeed stone you. So get away from
me safely before I punish you."
(Abraham) said: "Peace be on you! I will ask Forgiveness
of my Lord for you. Verily! He is unto me, Ever Most Gracious.
48. "And I shall
turn away from you and from those whom you invoke besides Allâh.
And I shall call on my Lord; and I hope that I shall not be unblest
in my invocation to my Lord."
49. So when he had
turned away from them and from those whom they worshipped besides
Allâh, We gave him Ishâque (Isaac) and Ya'qûb
(Jacob), and each one of them We made a Prophet.
50. And We gave them
of Our Mercy (a good provision in plenty), and We granted them
honour on the tongues (of all the nations, i.e everybody remembers
them with a good praise).
51. And mention in
the Book (this Qur'ân) Mûsa (Moses). Verily!
He was chosen and he was a Messenger (and) a Prophet.
52. And We called
him from the right side of the Mount, and made him draw near to
Us for a talk with him [Mûsa (Moses)].
53. And We bestowed
on him his brother Hârûn (Aaron), (also) a Prophet,
out of Our Mercy.
54. And mention in
the Book (the Qur'ân) Ismâ'il (Ishmael). Verily! He
was true to what he promised, and he was a Messenger, (and) a
55. And he used to
enjoin on his family and his people As-Salât (the
prayers) and the Zakât, and his Lord was pleased
56. And mention in
the Book (the Qur'ân) Idris (Enoch).Verily! He was a man
of truth, (and) a Prophet.
57. And We raised
him to a high station.
58. Those were they
unto whom Allâh bestowed His Grace from among the Prophets,
of the offspring of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in the
ship) with Nûh (Noah), and of the offspring of Ibrâhim
(Abraham) and Israel and from among those whom We guided and
chose. When the Verses of the Most Beneficent (Allâh) were
recited unto them, they fell down prostrating and weeping.
59. Then, there has
succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salât
(the prayers) [i.e. made their Salât (prayers) to
be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly
or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and
have followed lusts. So
they will be thrown in Hell.
60. Except those
who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allâh and His
Messenger Muhammad SAW),
and work righteousness.
Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.
61. (They will enter)
'Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which the Most
Beneficent (Allâh) has promised to His slaves in the unseen:
Verily! His Promise must come to pass.
62. They shall not
hear therein (in Paradise) any Laghw (dirty, false, evil
vain talk), but only Salâm (salutations of peace).
And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and afternoon.
63. Such is the Paradise
which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slaves who
have been Al-Muttaqûn (pious and righteous persons
- See V.2:2).
64. And we (angels)
descend not except by the Command of your Lord (O Muhammad SAW). To Him belongs what is before
us and what is behind us, and what is between those two, and your
Lord is never forgetful,
65. Lord of the heavens
and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone)
and be constant and patient in His worship. Do you know of any
who is similar to Him? (of course none is similar or coequal or
comparable to Him, and He has none as partner with Him). [There
is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer].
66. And man (the
disbeliever) says: "When I am dead, shall I then be raised
67. Does not man
remember that We created him before, while he was nothing?
68. So by your Lord,
surely, We shall gather them together, and (also) the Shayâtin
(devils) (with them), then We shall bring them round Hell
on their knees.
69. Then indeed We
shall drag out from every sect all those who were worst in obstinate
rebellion against the Most Beneficent (Allâh).
70. Then, verily,
We know best those who are most worthy of being burnt therein.
71. There is not
one of you but will pass over it (Hell); this is with your Lord;
a Decree which must be accomplished.
72. Then We shall
save those who use to fear Allâh and were dutiful to Him.
And We shall leave the Zâlimûn (polytheists
and wrongdoers, etc.) therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell).
73. And when Our
Clear Verses are recited to them, those who disbelieve (the rich
and strong among the pagans of Quraish who live a life of luxury)
say to those who believe (the weak, poor companions of Prophet
who have a hard life): "Which of the two groups (i.e. believers
and disbelievers) is best in (point of) position and as regards
station (place of council for consultation)."
74. And how many
a generation (past nations) have We destroyed before them, who
were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance?
75. Say (O Muhammad
SAW) whoever is in error, the Most
Beneficent (Allâh) will extend (the rope) to him, until,
when they see that which they were promised, either the torment
or the Hour, they will come to know who is worst in position,
and who is weaker in forces. [This is the answer for the Verse
76. And Allâh
increases in guidance those who walk aright [true believers in
the Oneness of Allâh who fear Allâh much (abstain
from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden),
and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which
He has ordained)]. And the righteous good deeds that last, are
better with your Lord, for reward and better for resort.
77. Have you seen
him who disbelieved in Our Ayât (this Qur'ân
and Muhammad SAW)
and (yet) says: "I shall certainly be given wealth and children
[if I will be alive (again)],"
78. Has he known
the unseen or has he taken a covenant from the Most Beneficent
79. Nay! We shall
record what he says, and We shall increase his torment (in the
80. And We shall
inherit from him (at his death) all that he talks of (i.e. wealth
and children which We have bestowed upon him in this world), and
he shall come to Us alone.
81. And they have
taken (for worship) âliha (gods) besides Allâh,
that they might give them honour, power and glory (and also protect
them from Allâh's Punishment etc.).
82. Nay, but they
(the so-called gods) will deny their worship of them, and become
opponents to them (on the Day of Resurrection).
83. See you not that
We have sent the Shayâtin (devils) against the disbelievers
to push them to do evil.
84. So make no haste
against them; We only count out to them a (limited) number (of
the days of the life of this world and delay their term so that
they may increase in evil and sins).
85. The Day We shall
gather the Muttaqûn (pious - see V.2:2) unto the
Most Beneficent (Allâh), like a delegate (presented before
a king for honour).
86. And We shall
drive the Mujrimûn (polytheists, sinners, criminals,
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, etc.) to Hell, in
a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water),
87. None shall have
the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission
(or promise) from the Most Beneficent (Allâh).
88. And they say:
"The Most Beneficent (Allâh) has begotten a son (or
offspring or children) [as the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the
son of Allâh, and the Christians say that He has begotten
a son ['Iesa (Christ) <><>],
and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels,
89. Indeed you have
brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing.
90. Whereby the heavens
are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains
fall in ruins,
91. That they ascribe
a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allâh).
92. But it is not
suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allâh)
that He should beget a son (or offspring or children).
93. There is none
in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent
(Allâh) as a slave.
94. Verily, He knows
each one of them, and has counted them a full counting.
95. And everyone
of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without
any helper, or protector or defender).
96. Verily, those
who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger
and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent (Allâh)
will bestow love for them
(in the hearts of the believers).
97. So We have made
this (the Qur'ân) easy in your own tongue (O Muhammad SAW), only that you may give glad
tidings to the Muttaqûn (pious and righteous persons
- See V.2:2), and warn with it the Ludda
(most quarrelsome) people.
98. And how many
a generation before them have We destroyed! Can you (O Muhammad
SAW) find a single one of them or
hear even a whisper of them?