In the Name of Allâh, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. (This is) a Sûrah
(chapter of the Qur'ân) which We have sent down and which
We have enjoined, (ordained its legal laws) and in it We have
revealed manifest Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations lawful and unlawful things, and set
boundries of Islâmic Religion), that you may remember.
2. The woman and
the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them
with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case,
in a punishment prescribed by Allâh, if you believe in Allâh
and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their
punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of
the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment
is to stone them to death, according to Allâh's Law).
3. The adulterer
marries not but an adulteress or a Mushrikah and the adulteress
none marries her except an adulterer or a Muskrik [and
that means that the man who agrees to marry (have a sexual relation
with) a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan or idolatress)
or a prostitute, then surely he is either an adulterer, or a Mushrik
(polytheist, pagan or idolater, etc.) And the woman who agrees
to marry (have a sexual relation with) a Mushrik (polytheist,
pagan or idolater) or an adulterer, then she is either a prostitute
or a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan, or idolatress,
etc.)]. Such a thing is forbidden to the believers (of Islâmic
4. And those who
accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them
with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they
indeed are the Fâsiqûn (liars, rebellious,
disobedient to Allâh).
5. Except those who
repent thereafter and do righteous deeds, (for such) verily, Allâh
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
6. And for those
who accuse their wives, but have no witnesses except themselves,
let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies (i.e. testifies
four times) by Allâh that he is one of those who speak the
7. And the fifth
(testimony) (should be) the invoking of the Curse of Allâh
on him if he be of those who tell a lie (against her).
8. But it shall avert
the punishment (of stoning to death) from her, if she bears witness
four times by Allâh, that he (her husband) is telling a
9. And the fifth
(testimony) should be that the Wrath of Allâh be upon her
if he (her husband) speaks the truth.
10. And had it not
been for the Grace of Allâh and His Mercy on you (He would
have hastened the punishment upon you)! And that Allâh is
the One Who accepts repentance, the All-Wise.
11. Verily! Those
who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah ÑÖì
the wife of the Prophet SAW)
are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay,
it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that
which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who
had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment.
12. Why then, did
not the believers, men and women, when you heard it (the slander)
think good of their own people and say: "This (charge) is
an obvious lie?"
13. Why did they
not produce four witnesses? Since they (the slanderers) have not
produced witnesses! Then with Allâh they are the liars.
14. Had it not been
for the Grace of Allâh and His Mercy unto you in this world
and in the Hereafter, a great torment would have touched you for
that whereof you had spoken.
15. When you were
propagating it with your tongues, and uttering with your mouths
that whereof you had no knowledge, you counted it a little thing,
while with Allâh it was very great.
16. And why did you
not, when you heard it, say? "It is not right for us to
speak of this. Glory be to You (O Allâh) this is a great
17. Allâh forbids
you from it and warns you not to repeat the like of it forever,
if you are believers.
18. And Allâh
makes the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.) plain to you, and Allâh is All-Knowing,
19. Verily, those
who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should
be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful
torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allâh knows
and you know not.
20. And had it not
been for the Grace of Allâh and His Mercy on you, (Allâh
would have hastened the punishment upon you). And that Allâh
is full of kindness, Most Merciful.
21. O you who believe!
Follow not the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan). And
whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan),
then, verily he commands Al-Fahshâ' [i.e. to commit
indecency (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.)], and Al-Munkar
[disbelief and polytheism (i.e. to do evil and wicked deeds; to
speak or to do what is forbidden in Islâm, etc.)]. And had
it not been for the Grace of Allâh and His Mercy on you,
not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allâh
purifies (guides to Islâm) whom He wills, and Allâh
is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
22. And let not those
among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to
give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masâkîn
(the poor), and those who left their homes for Allâh's Cause.
Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh
should forgive you? And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
23. Verily, those
who accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything touching
their chastity and are good believers, are cursed in this life
and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment,
24. On the Day when
their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear witness
against them as to what they used to do.
25. On that Day Allâh
will pay them the recompense of their deeds in full, and they
will know that Allâh, He is the Manifest Truth.
26. Bad statements
are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for
bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are
for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for
good statements (or good men for good women), such (good people)
are innocent of (each and every) bad statement which they say,
for them is Forgiveness, and Rizqun Karîm (generous
27. O you who believe!
Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission
and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that
you may remember.
28. And if you find
no one therein, still, enter not until permission has been given.
And if you are asked to go back, go back, for it is purer for
you, and Allâh is All-Knower of what you do.
29. There is no sin
on you that you enter (without taking permission) houses uninhabited
(i.e. not possessed by anybody), (when) you have any interest
in them. And Allâh has knowledge of what you reveal and
what you conceal.
30. Tell the believing
men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and
protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.).
That is purer for them. Verily, Allâh is All-Aware of what
31. And tell the
believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden
things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual
acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that
which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes
for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves,
head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna
(i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to
reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers,
their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their
brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their
(Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islâm), or the (female)
slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who
lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame
of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what
they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allâh to
forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.
32. And marry those
among you who are single (i.e. a man who has no wife and the woman
who has no husband) and (also marry) the Sâlihûn
(pious, fit and capable ones) of your (male) slaves and maid-servants
(female slaves). If they be poor, Allâh will enrich them
out of His Bounty. And Allâh is All-Sufficent for His creatures'
needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).
33. And let those
who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves
chaste, until Allâh enriches them of His Bounty. And such
of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them
such writing, if you know that they are good and trustworthy.
And give them something yourselves out of the wealth of Allâh
which He has bestowed upon you. And force not your maids to prostitution,
if they desire chastity, in order that you may make a gain in
the (perishable) goods of this worldly life. But if anyone compels
them (to prostitution), then after such compulsion, Allâh
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to those women, i.e. He will
forgive them because they have been forced to do this evil action
34. And indeed We
have sent down for you Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) that make things plain, and
the example of those who passed away before you, and an admonition
for those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).
35. Allâh is
the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light
is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is
in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed
tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays
only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays
only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long),
whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire
touched it. Light upon Light! Allâh guides to His Light
whom He wills. And Allâh sets forth parables for mankind,
and Allâh is All-Knower of everything.
36. In houses (mosques),
which Allâh has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and
to be honoured), in them His Name is glorified in the mornings
and in the afternoons or the evenings,
37. Men whom neither
trade nor sale diverts them from the Remembrance of Allâh
(with heart and tongue), nor from performing AsSalât
(Iqâmat-as-Salât), nor from giving the
Zakât. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will
be overturned (from the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection).
38. That Allâh
may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add
even more for them out of His Grace. And Allâh provides
without measure to whom He wills.
39. As for those
who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The
thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he
finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allâh with him, Who
will pay him his due (Hell). And Allâh is Swift in taking
40. Or [the state
of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed
with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds,
darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand,
he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allâh has not appointed
light, for him there is no light.
41. See you not (O
that Allâh, He it is Whom glorify whosoever is in the heavens
and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (in their flight).
Of each one He (Allâh) knows indeed his Salât
(prayer) and his glorification, [or everyone knows his Salât
(prayer) and his glorification], and Allâh is All-Aware
of what they do.
42. And to Allâh
belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and to Allâh
is the return (of all).
43. See you not that
Allâh drives the clouds gently, then joins them together,
then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes
forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like)
mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from
where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will,
and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds)
lightning nearly blinds the sight. [Tafsir At-Tabarî].
44. Allâh causes
the night and the day to succeed each other (i.e. if the day is
gone, the night comes, and if the night is gone, the day comes,
and so on). Truly, in these things is indeed a lesson for those
who have insight.
45. Allâh has
created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there
are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs,
and some that walk on four. Allâh creates what He wills.
Verily! Allâh is Able to do all things.
46. We have indeed
sent down (in this Qur'ân) manifest Ayât (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, lawful and unlawful
things, and the set boundries of Islâmic religion, etc.
that make things clear showing the Right Path of Allâh).
And Allâh guides whom He wills to a Straight Path (i.e.
to Allâh's religion of Islâmic Monotheism).
47. They (hypocrites)
say: "We have believed in Allâh and in the Messenger
and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter,
such are not believers.
48. And when they
are called to Allâh (i.e. His Words, the Qur'ân) and
His Messenger (SAW),
to judge between them, lo! a party of them refuse (to come) and
49. But if the right
is with them, they come to him willingly with submission.
50. Is there a disease
in their hearts? Or do they doubt or fear lest Allâh and
His Messenger (SAW)
should wrong them in judgement. Nay, it is they themselves who
are the Zâlimûn (polytheists, hypocrites and
51. The only saying
of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allâh
(His Words, the Qur'ân) and His Messenger (SAW), to judge between them, is that
they say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous
ones (who will live forever in Paradise).
52. And whosoever
obeys Allâh and His Messenger (SAW), fears Allâh, and keeps
his duty (to Him), such are the successful ones.
53. They swear by
Allâh their strongest oaths, that if only you would order
them, they would leave (their homes for fighting in Allâh's
Cause). Say: "Swear you not; (this) obedience (of yours)
is known (to be false). Verily, Allâh knows well what you
54. Say: "Obey
Allâh and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger
is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey
Allâh's Message) and you for that placed on you. If you
obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger's
duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach
in a plain way)."
55. Allâh has
promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds,
that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers)
in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that
He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that
which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islâm). And He will surely
give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided)
they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in
worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are
the Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh).
56. And perform AsSalât
(IqâmatasSalât), and give Zakât
and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) that you may receive mercy (from
57. Consider not
that the disbelievers can escape in the land. Their abode shall
be the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination.
58. O you who believe!
Let your legal slaves and slave-girls, and those among you who
have not come to the age of puberty ask your permission (before
they come to your presence) on three occasions; before Fajr
(morning) prayer, and while you put off your clothes for the noonday
(rest), and after the 'Ishâ' (late-night) prayer.
(These) three times are of privacy for you, other than these times
there is no sin on you or on them to move about, attending (helping)
you each other. Thus Allâh makes clear the Ayât
(the Verses of this Qur'ân, showing proofs for the legal
aspects of permission for visits, etc.) to you. And Allâh
is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
59. And when the
children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for
permission, as those senior to them (in age). Thus Allâh
makes clear His Ayât (Commandments and legal obligations)
for you. And Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
60. And as for women
past child-bearing who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin on
them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not
to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their
outer clothing) is better for them. And Allâh is All-Hearer,
61. There is no restriction
on the blind, nor any restriction on the lame, nor any restriction
on the sick, nor on yourselves, if you eat from your houses, or
the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or
the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or
the houses of your father's brothers, or the houses of your father's
sisters, or the houses of your mother's brothers, or the houses
of your mother's sisters, or (from that) whereof you hold keys,
or (from the house) of a friend. No sin on you whether you eat
together or apart. But when you enter the houses, greet one another
with a greeting from Allâh (i.e. say: <>
Úáíßã As-Salâmu 'Alaikum
- peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allâh makes
clear the Ayât (these Verses or your religious symbols
and signs, etc.) to you that you may understand.
62. The true believers
are only those, who believe in (the Oneness of) Allâh and
His Messenger (Muhammad SAW),
and when they are with him on some common matter, they go not
away until they have asked his permission. Verily! Those who ask
your permission, those are they who (really) believe in Allâh
and His Messenger. So if they ask your permission for some affairs
of theirs, give permission to whom you will of them, and ask Allâh
for their forgiveness. Truly, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most
63. Make not the
calling of the Messenger (Muhammad SAW)
among you as your calling of one another. Allâh knows those
of you who slip away under shelter (of some excuse without taking
the permission to leave, from the Messenger SAW). And let those who oppose the
Messenger's (Muhammad SAW)
commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship,
statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah
(disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered
by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted
64. Certainly, to
Allâh belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth.
Surely, He knows your condition and (He knows) the Day when they
will be brought back to Him, then He will inform them of what
they did. And Allâh is All-Knower of everything.