In the Name of Allâh, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. Blessed be He
Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur'ân)
to His slave (Muhammad SAW)
that he may be a warner to the 'Alamîn (mankind and
2. He to Whom belongs
the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten
no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner
in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it
exactly according to its due measurements.
3. Yet they have
taken besides Him other âlihâ (gods) that created
nothing but are themselves created, and possess neither hurt nor
benefit for themselves, and possess no power (of causing) death,
nor (of giving) life, nor of raising the dead.
4. Those who disbelieve
say: "This (the Qur'ân) is nothing but a lie that he
has invented, and others have helped him at it, so that they have
produced an unjust wrong (thing) and a lie."
5. And they say:
"Tales of the ancients, which he has written down, and they
are dictated to him morning and afternoon."
6. Say: "It
(this Qur'ân) has been sent down by Him (Allâh) (the
Real Lord of the heavens and earth) Who knows the secret of the
heavens and the earth. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
7. And they say:
"Why does this Messenger (Muhammad SAW) eat food, and walk about in the
markets (like ourselves). Why is not an angel sent down to him
to be a warner with him?
8. "Or (why)
has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has he not a garden
whereof he may eat?" And the Zâlimûn (polytheists
and wrong-doers, etc.) say: "You follow none but a man bewitched."
9. See how they coin
similitudes for you, so they have gone astray, and they cannot
find a (Right) Path.
10. Blessed be He
Who, if He will, will assign you better than (all) that, - Gardens
under which rivers flow (Paradise) and will assign you palaces
(i.e. in Paradise).
11. Nay, they deny
the Hour (the Day of Resurrection), and for those who deny the
Hour, We have prepared a flaming Fire (i.e. Hell).
12. When it (Hell)
sees them from a far place, they will hear its raging and its
13. And when they
shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together,
they will exclaim therein for destruction.
14. Exclaim not today
for one destruction, but exclaim for many destructions.
15. Say: (O Muhammad
SAW) "Is that (torment) better
or the Paradise of Eternity promised to the Muttaqûn
(pious and righteous persons - see V.2:2)?" It will be
theirs as a reward and as a final destination.
16. For them there
will be therein all that they desire, and they will abide (there
forever). It is a promise binding upon your Lord that must be
17. And on the Day
when He will gather them together and that which they worship
besides Allâh [idols, angels, pious men, saints, 'Iesa (Jesus)
son of Maryam (Mary), etc.].
He will say: "Was it you who misled these My slaves or did
they (themselves) stray from the (Right) Path?"
18. They will say:
"Glorified be You! It was not for us to take any Auliyâ'
(Protectors, Helpers, etc.) besides You, but You gave them and
their fathers comfort till they forgot the warning, and became
a lost people (doomed to total loss).
19. Thus they (false
gods all deities other than Allâh) will give you (polytheists)
the lie regarding what you say (that they are gods besides Allâh),
then you can neither avert (the punishment), nor get help. And
whoever among you does wrong (i.e. sets up rivals to Allâh),
We shall make him taste a great torment.
20. And We never
sent before you (O Muhammad SAW)
any of the Messengers but verily, they ate food and walked in
the markets. And We have made some of you as a trial for others:
will you have patience? And your Lord is Ever All-Seer (of everything).
21. And those who
expect not for a Meeting with Us (i.e. those who deny the Day
of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter), say: "Why
are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our Lord?"
Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful with
22. On the Day they
will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimûn
(criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) that
day. And they (angels) will say: "All kinds of glad tidings
are forbidden for you," [None will be allowed to enter Paradise
except the one who said: Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh,
"(none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh)
and acted practically on its legal orders and obligations].
23. And We shall
turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners,
etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating
particles of dust.
24. The dwellers
of Paradise (i.e. those who deserved it through their Faith and
righteousness) will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have
the fairest of places for repose.
25. And (remember)
the Day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and
the angels will be sent down, with a grand descending.
26. The sovereignty
on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most
Beneficent (Allâh), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers
(those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allâh Islâmic
27. And (remember)
the Day when the Zâlim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist,
etc.) will bite at his hands, he will say: "Oh! Would that
I had taken a path with the Messenger ( Muhammad SAW).
28. "Ah! Woe
to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend!
29. "He indeed
led me astray from the Reminder (this Qur'ân) after it had
come to me. And Shaitân (Satan) is ever a deserter
to man in the hour of need."
30. And the Messenger
will say: "O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur'ân
(neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders).
31. Thus have We
made for every Prophet an enemy among the Mujrimûn (disbelievers,
polytheists, criminals, etc.). But Sufficient is your Lord as
a Guide and Helper.
32. And those who
disbelieve say: "Why is not the Qur'ân revealed to
him all at once?" Thus (it is sent down in parts), that We
may strengthen your heart thereby. And We have revealed it to
you gradually, in stages. (It was revealed to the Prophet SAW in 23 years.).
33. And no example
or similitude do they bring (to oppose or to find fault in you
or in this Qur'ân), but We reveal to you the truth (against
that similitude or example), and the better explanation thereof.
34. Those who will
be gathered to Hell (prone) on their faces, such will be in an
evil state, and most astray from the (Straight) Path.
35. And indeed We
gave Mûsa (Moses) the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah)],
and placed his brother Hârûn (Aaron) with him as a
36. And We said:
"Go you both to the people who have denied Our Ayât
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)."
Then We destroyed them with utter destruction.
37. And Nûh's
(Noah) people, when they denied the Messengers We drowned them,
and We made them as a sign for mankind. And We have prepared a
painful torment for the Zâlimûn (polytheists
and wrong-doers, etc).
38. And (also) 'Ad
and Thamûd, and the dwellers of Ar-Rass, and many generations
39. And for each
of them We put forward examples (as proofs and lessons, etc.),
and each (of them) We brought to utter ruin (because of their
disbelief and evil deeds).
40. And indeed they
have passed by the town [of Prophet Lout (Lot)] on which was rained
the evil rain. Did they (disbelievers) not then see it (with their
own eyes)? Nay ! But they used not to expect for any resurrection.
41. And when they
see you (O Muhammad SAW),
they treat you only as a mockery (saying):"Is this the one
whom Allâh has sent as a Messenger?
42. "He would
have nearly misled us from our âliha (gods), had
it not been that we were patient and constant in their worship!"
And they will know when they see the torment, who it is that is
most astray from the (Right) Path!
43. Have you (O Muhammad
SAW) seen him who has taken as his
ilâh (god) his own desire? Would you then be a Wakîl
(a disposer of his affairs or a watcher) over him?
44. Or do you think
that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle;
nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst
45. Have you not
seen how your Lord spread the shadow. If He willed, He could have
made it still then We have made the sun its guide [i.e. after
the sunrise, it (the shadow) squeezes and vanishes at midnoon
and then again appears in the afternoon with the decline of the
sun, and had there been no sun light, there would have been no
46. Then We withdraw
it to Us a gradual concealed withdrawal.
47. And it is He
Who makes the night a covering for you, and the sleep (as) repose,
and makes the day Nushûr (i.e. getting up and going
about here and there for daily work, etc. after one's sleep at
night or like resurrection after one's death).
48. And it is He
Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His
Mercy (rain), and We send down pure water from the sky,
49. That We may give
life thereby to a dead land, and We give to drink thereof many
of the cattle and men that We had created.
50. And indeed We
have distributed it (rain or water) amongst them in order that
they may remember the Grace of Allâh, but most men refuse
(or deny the Truth or Faith) and accept nothing but disbelief
51. And had We willed,
We would have raised a warner in every town.
52. So obey not the
disbelievers, but strive against them (by preaching) with the
utmost endeavour, with it (the Qur'ân).
53. And it is He
Who has let free the two seas (kinds of water), one palatable
and sweet, and the other salt and bitter, and He has set a barrier
and a complete partition between them.
54. And it is He
Who has created man from water, and has appointed for him kindred
by blood, and kindred by marriage. And your Lord is Ever All-Powerful
to do what He will.
55. And they (disbelievers,
polytheists, etc.) worship besides Allâh, that which can
neither profit them nor harm them, and the disbeliever is ever
a helper (of the Satan) against his Lord.
56. And We have sent
you (O Muhammad SAW
) only as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner.
57. Say: "No
reward do I ask of you for this (that which I have brought from
my Lord and its preaching, etc.), save that whosoever wills, may
take a Path to his Lord.
58. And put your
trust (O Muhammad SAW)
in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises,
and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves;
59. Who created the
heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days.
Then He Istawâ (rose over) the Throne (in a manner
that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allâh)! Ask
Him (O Prophet Muhammad SAW),
(concerning His Qualities, His rising over His Throne, His creations,
etc.), as He is Al-Khabîr (The All-Knower of everything
60. And when it is
said to them: "Prostrate to the Most Beneficent (Allâh)!
They say: "And what is the Most Beneficent? Shall we fall
down in prostration to that which you (O Muhammad SAW) command us?" And it increases
in them only aversion.
61. Blessed be He
Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein
a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.
62. And He it is
Who has put the night and the day in succession, for such who
desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.
63. And the slaves
of the Most Beneficent (Allâh) are those who walk on the
earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address
them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness.
64. And those who
spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing.
65. And those who
say: "Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily!
Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment."
66. Evil indeed it
(Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell.
67. And those, who,
when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold
a medium (way) between those (extremes).
68. And those who
invoke not any other ilâh (god) along with Allâh,
nor kill such life as Allâh has forbidden, except for just
cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does
this shall receive the punishment.
69. The torment will
be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide
therein in disgrace;
70. Except those
who repent and believe (in Islâmic Monotheism), and do righteous
deeds, for those, Allâh will change their sins into good
deeds, and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
71. And whosoever
repents and does righteous good deeds, then verily, he repents
towards Allâh with true repentance.
72. And those who
do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or
evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.
73. And those who,
when they are reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall
not deaf and blind thereat.
74. And those who
say: "Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring
who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the
Muttaqûn" (pious - see V.2:2 and the
footnote of V.3:164)."
75. Those will be
rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their
patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word
of peace and respect.
76. Abiding therein;
excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to dwell.
77. Say (O Muhammad
SAW to the disbelievers): "My
Lord pays attention to you only because of your invocation to
Him. But now you have indeed denied (Him). So the torment will
be yours for ever (inseparable permanent punishment)."