In the Name of Allâh, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. O Prophet (Muhammad
SAW)! Keep your duty to Allâh,
and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e., do not
follow their advices). Verily! Allâh is Ever AllKnower,
2. And follow that
which is inspired in you from your Lord. Verily, Allâh is
WellAcquainted with what you do.
3. And put your trust
in Allâh, and Sufficient is Allâh as a Wakîl
(Trustee, or Disposer of affairs).
4. Allâh has
not put for any man two hearts inside his body. Neither has He
made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs,
your real mothers. [AzZihâr is the saying
of a husband to his wife, "You are to me like the back of
my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to approach.],
nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. That is but
your saying with your mouths. But Allâh says the truth,
and He guides to the (Right) Way.
5. Call them (adopted
sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with
Allâh. But if you know not their father's (names, call them)
your brothers in faith and Mawâlîkum (your
freed slaves). And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake
therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend.
And Allâh is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful.
6. The Prophet is
closer to the believers than their ownselves,
and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect
and marriage). And blood relations among each other have closer
personal ties in the Decree of Allâh (regarding inheritance)
than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the Muhajirûn
(emigrants from Makkah, etc.), except that you do kindness
to those brothers (when the Prophet SAW
joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the
(Allâh's Book of Divine) Decrees (AlLauh AlMahfûz)."
7. And (remember)
when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O
and from Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhim (Abraham), Mûsa
(Moses), and 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from
them a strong covenant.
8. That He may ask
the truthfuls (Allâh's Messengers and His Prophets) about
their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allâh's Message that
which they were charged with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers
a painful torment (Hell-fire).
9. O you who believe!
Remember Allâh's Favour to you, when there came against
you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you
saw not [i.e. troops of angels during the battle of AlAhzâb
(the Confederates)]. And Allâh is Ever AllSeer
of what you do.
10. When they came
upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes
grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were
harbouring doubts about Allâh.
11. There, the believers
were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.
12. And when the
hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubts)
said: "Allâh and His Messenger (SAW) promised us nothing but delusions!"
13. And when a party
of them said: "O people of Yathrib (AlMadinah)! There
is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore
go back!" And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet
( SAW) saying: "Truly, our homes
lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay not open. They but
wished to flee.
14. And if the enemy
had entered from all sides (of the city), and they had been exhorted
to AlFitnah (i.e. to renegade from Islâm to
polytheism) they would surely have committed it and would have
hesitated thereupon but little.
15. And indeed they
had already made a covenant with Allâh not to turn their
backs, and a covenant with Allâh must be answered for.
16. Say (O Muhammad
SAW to these hypocrites who ask your
permission to run away from you): "Flight will not avail
you if you flee from death or killing, and then you will enjoy
no more than a little while!"
17. Say: "Who
is he who can protect you from Allâh if He intends to harm
you, or intends mercy on you?" And they will not find, besides
Allâh, for themselves any Walî (protector,
supporter, etc.) or any helper.
18. Allâh already
knows those among you who keep back (men) from fighting in Allâh's
Cause, and those who say to their brethren "Come here towards
us," while they (themselves) come not to the battle except
19. Being miserly
towards you (as regards help and aid in Allâh's Cause).
Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their
eyes revolving like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but
when the fear departs, they will smite you with sharp tongues,
miserly towards (spending anything in any) good (and only covetous
of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore Allâh
makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for Allâh.
20. They think that
AlAhzâb (the Confederates) have not yet withdrawn,
and if AlAhzâb (the Confederates) should come
(again), they would wish they were in the deserts (wandering)
among the bedouins, seeking news about you (from a far place);
and if they (happen) to be among you, they would not fight but
21. Indeed in the
Messenger of Allâh (Muhammad SAW)
you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting
with) Allâh and the Last Day and remembers Allâh much.
22. And when the
believers saw AlAhzâb (the Confederates), they
said: "This is what Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad
SAW) had promised us, and Allâh
and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)
had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to
their submissiveness (to Allâh).
23. Among the believers
are men who have been true to their covenant with Allâh
[i.e. they have gone out for Jihâd (holy fighting),
and showed not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some
have fulfilled their obligations (i.e. have been martyred), and
some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e.they
never proved treacherous to their covenant which they concluded
with Allâh] in the least.
24. That Allâh
may reward the men of truth for their truth (i.e. for their patience
at the accomplishment of that which they covenanted with Allâh),
and punish the hypocrites if He will or accept their repentance
by turning to them in Mercy. Verily, Allâh is OftForgiving,
25. And Allâh
drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no
advantage (booty, etc.). Allâh sufficed for the believers
in the fighting (by sending against the disbelievers a severe
wind and troops of angels). And Allâh is Ever AllStrong,
26. And those of
the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers)
Allâh brought them down from their forts and cast terror
into their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you killed, and
a group (of them) you made captives.
27. And He caused
you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their riches,
and a land which you had not trodden (before). And Allâh
is Able to do all things.
28. O Prophet (Muhammad
SAW)! Say to your wives: If you desire
the life of this world, and its glitter, Then come! I will make
a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner (divorce).
29. But if you desire
Allâh and His Messenger, and the home of the Hereafter,
then verily, Allâh has prepared for AlMuhsinât
(gooddoers) amongst you an enormous reward.
30. O wives of the
Prophet! Whoever of you commits an open illegal sexual intercourse,
the torment for her will be doubled, and that is ever easy for
31. And whosoever
of you is obedient to Allâh and His Messenger SAW , and does righteous good deeds,
We shall give her, her reward twice over, and We have prepared
for her Rizqan Karima (a noble provision Paradise).
32. O wives of the
Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty
(to Allâh), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose
heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery,
etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable
33. And stay in your
houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of
ignorance, and perform As-Salât (IqamâtasSalât),
and give Zakât and obey Allâh and His Messenger.
Allâh wishes only to remove ArRijs (evil deeds
and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet
SAW), and to purify you with a thorough
34. And remember
(O you the members of the Prophet's family, the Graces of your
Lord), that which is recited in your houses of the Verses of Allâh
and AlHikmah (i.e. Prophet's Sunnah legal ways,
etc. so give your thanks to Allâh and glorify His Praises
for this Qur'an and the Sunnah). Verily, Allâh is Ever
Most Courteous, WellAcquainted with all things.
35. Verily, the Muslims
(those who submit to Allâh in Islâm) men and women,
the believers men and women (who believe in Islâmic Monotheism),
the men and the women who are obedient (to Allâh), the men
and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men
and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which
Allâh has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allâh
has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their
Lord Allâh), the men and the women who give Sadaqât
(i.e. Zakât, and alms, etc.), the men and the women
who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during
the month of Ramadân, and the optional Nawâfil
fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from
illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allâh
much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying,
etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allâh
during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying
extra additional Nawâfil prayers of night in the
last part of night, etc.) Allâh has prepared for them forgiveness
and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).
36. It is not for
a believer, man or woman, when Allâh and His Messenger have
decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision.
And whoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger, he has indeed
strayed in a plain error.
37. And (remember)
when you said to him (Zaid bin Hârithah ÑÖì
<> <> the freedslave
of the Prophet SAW)
on whom Allâh has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islâm)
and you (O Muhammad SAW
too) have done favour (by manumitting him) "Keep your wife
to yourself, and fear Allâh." But you did hide in yourself
(i.e. what Allâh has already made known to you that He will
give her to you in marriage) that which Allâh will make
manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his
manumitted slave) whereas Allâh had a better right that
you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire
from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage,
so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers
in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons
when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced
them). And Allâh's Command must be fulfilled.
38. There is no blame
on the Prophet (SAW)
in that which Allâh has made legal for him.That has been
Allâh's Way with those who have passed away of (the Prophets
of) old. And the Command of Allâh is a decree determined.
39. Those who convey
the Message of Allâh and fear Him, and fear none save Allâh.
And Sufficient is Allâh as a Reckoner.
40. Muhammad (SAW) is not the father of any man
among you, but he is the Messenger of Allâh and the last
(end) of the Prophets.
And Allâh is Ever AllAware of everything.
41. O you who believe!
Remember Allâh with much remembrance.
42. And glorify His
Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr)
and 'Asr prayers].
43. He it is Who
sends Salât (His blessings) on you, and His angels
too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive you), that He may bring
you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light
(of Belief and Islâmic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most
Merciful to the believers.
44. Their greeting
on the Day they shall meet Him will be "Salâm:
Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them: Salâmu 'Alaikum)!"
And He has prepared for them a generous reward (i.e. Paradise).
45. O Prophet (MuhammadSAW )! Verily, We have sent you as
witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner,
46. And as one who
invites to Allâh [Islâmic Monotheism, i.e. to worship
none but Allâh (Alone)] by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading
light (through your instructions from the Qur'ân and the
Sunnah the legal ways of the Prophet SAW 
47. And announce
to the believers (in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger
the glad tidings, that they will have from Allâh a Great
48. And obey not
the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and harm them not (till you
are ordered). And put your trust in Allâh, and Sufficient
is Allâh as a Wakîl (Trustee, or Disposer of
49. O you who believe!
When you marry believing women, and then divorce them before you
have sexual intercourse with them, no 'Iddah [divorce prescribed
period, see (V.65:4)] have you to count in respect of them. So
give them a present, and set them free i.e. divorce, in a handsome
50. O Prophet (Muhammad
SAW)! Verily, We have made lawful
to you your wives, to whom you have paid their Mahr (bridal
money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage),
and those (captives or slaves) whom your right hand possesses
- whom Allâh has given to you, and the daughters of your
'Amm (paternal uncles) and the daughters of your 'Ammah
(paternal aunts) and the daughters of your Khâl (maternal
uncles) and the daughters of your Khâlah (maternal
aunts) who migrated (from Makkah) with you, and a believing woman
if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to
marry her; a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) the
believers. Indeed We know what We have enjoined upon them about
their wives and those (captives or slaves) whom their right hands
possess, - in order that there should be no difficulty on you.
And Allâh is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful.
51. You (O Muhammad
SAW) can postpone (the turn of) whom
you will of them (your wives), and you may receive whom you will.
And whomsoever you desire of those whom you have set aside (her
turn temporarily), it is no sin on you (to receive her again),
that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieved, and
may all be pleased with what you give them. Allâh knows
what is in your hearts. And Allâh is Ever AllKnowing,
52. It is not lawful
for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change them
for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except
those (captives or slaves) whom your right hand possesses. And
Allâh is Ever a Watcher over all things.
53. O you who believe!
Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is given to
you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation.
But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your
meal, disperse, without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour)
annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go), but
Allâh is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you
ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a
screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And
it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allâh's
Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him
(his death). Verily! With Allâh that shall be an enormity.
54. Whether you reveal
anything or conceal it, verily, Allâh is Ever AllKnower
55. It is no sin
on them (the Prophet's wives, if they appear unveiled) before
their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother's
sons, or the sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women,
or their (female) slaves, and keep your duty to Allâh. Verily,
Allâh is Ever AllWitness over everything.
56. Allâh sends
His Salât (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.)
on the Prophet (Muhammad SAW)
and also His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive
him). O you who believe! Send your Salât
on (ask Allâh to bless) him (Muhammad
SAW), and (you should) greet (salute)
him with the Islâmic way of greeting (salutation i.e. AsSalâmu
57. Verily, those
who annoy Allâh and His Messenger (SAW)
Allâh has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter,
and has prepared for them a humiliating torment.
58. And those who
annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves
the crime of slander and plain sin.
59. O Prophet! Tell
your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to
draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves
completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will
be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women)
so as not to be annoyed. And Allâh is Ever OftForgiving,
60. If the hypocrites,
and those in whose hearts is a disease (evil desire for adultery,
etc.), and those who spread false news among the people in AlMadinah,
cease not, We shall certainly let you overpower them, then they
will not be able to stay in it as your neighbours but a little
61. Accursed, wherever
found, they shall be seized and killed with a (terrible) slaughter.
62. That was the
Way of Allâh in the case of those who passed away of old,
and you will not find any change in the Way of Allâh.
63. People ask you
concerning the Hour, say: "The knowledge of it is with Allâh
only. What do you know? It may be that the Hour is near!"
64. Verily, Allâh
has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them a flaming
65. Wherein they
will abide for ever, and they will find neither a Walî
(a protector) nor a helper.
66. On the Day when
their faces will be turned over in the Fire, they will say: "Oh,
would that we had obeyed Allâh and obeyed the Messenger
67. And they will
say: "Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our great
ones, and they misled us from the (Right) Way.
68. Our Lord! give
them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse!"
69. O you who believe!
Be not like those who annoyed Mûsa (Moses), but Allâh
cleared him of that which they alleged, and he was honourable
70. O you who believe!
Keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him, and speak (always)
71. He will direct
you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.
And whosoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger (SAW) he has indeed achieved a great
achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and made
to enter Paradise).
72. Truly, We did
offer AlAmânah (the trust or moral responsibility
or honesty and all the duties which Allâh has ordained)
to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined
to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allâh's
Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself)
and ignorant (of its results).
73. So that Allâh
will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the men and women
who are AlMushrikûn (the polytheists, idolaters,
pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, and in His
Messenger Muhammad SAW
). And Allâh will pardon (accept the repentance of) the
true believers of the Islâmic Monotheism, men and women.
And Allâh is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful.