In the Name of Allâh, theMost
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'ân,
and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings.]
2. A revelation from
Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
3. A Book whereof
the Verses are explained in detail; A Qur'ân in Arabic
for people who know.
4. Giving glad tidings
[of Paradise to the one who believes in the Oneness of Allâh
(i.e. Islâmic Monotheism) and fears Allâh much (abstains
from all kinds of sins and evil deeds) and loves Allâh much
(performing all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], and
warning (of punishment in the Hell Fire to the one who disbelieves
in the Oneness of Allâh), but most of them turn away, so
they listen not.
5. And they say:
"Our hearts are under coverings (screened) from that to which
you invite us, and in our ears is deafness, and between us and
you is a screen, so work you (on your way); verily, we are working
(on our way)."
6. Say (O Muhammad
SAW): "I am only a human being
like you. It is inspired in me that your Ilâh (God)
is One Ilâh (God - Allâh), therefore take Straight
Path to Him (with true Faith Islâmic Monotheism) and obedience
to Him, and seek forgiveness of Him. And woe to Al-Mushrikûn
(the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheists,
idolaters, etc. - see V.2:105).
7. Those who give
not the Zakât and they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
8. Truly, those who
believe (in the Oneness of Allâh Islâmic Monotheism,
and in His Messenger Muhammad SAW)
and do righteous good deeds, for them will be an endless reward
that will never stop (i.e. Paradise).
9. Say (O Muhammad
SAW): "Do you verily disbelieve
in Him Who created the earth in two Days and you set up rivals
(in worship) with Him? That is the Lord of the 'Alamîn
(mankind, jinns and all that exists).
10. He placed therein
(i.e. the earth) firm mountains from above it, and He blessed
it, and measured therein its sustenance (for its dwellers) in
four Days equal (i.e. all these four 'days' were equal in the
length of time), for all those who ask (about its creation).
11. Then He Istawâ
(rose over) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said
to it and to the earth: "Come both of you willingly or unwillingly."
They both said: "We come, willingly."
12. Then He completed
and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in two Days
and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest
(lowest) heaven with lamps (stars)
to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using
them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him
the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.
13. But if they turn
away, then say (O Muhammad SAW):
"I have warned you of a Sâ'iqah (a destructive
awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) like the Sâ'iqah
which overtook 'Ad and Thamûd (people)."
14. When the Messengers
came to them, from before them and behind them (saying): "Worship
none but Allâh" They said: "If our Lord had so
willed, He would surely have sent down the angels. So indeed!
We disbelieve in that with which you have been sent."
15. As for 'Ad, they
were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: "Who
is mightier than us in strength?" See they not that Allâh,
Who created them was mightier in strength than them. And they
used to deny Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, revelations, etc.)!
16. So We sent upon
them furious wind in days of evil omen (for them) that We might
give them a taste of disgracing torment in this present worldly
life, but surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing,
and they will never be helped.
17. And as for Thamûd,
We showed and made clear to them the Path of Truth (Islâmic
Monotheism) through Our Messenger, (i.e. showed them the way of
success), but they preferred blindness to guidance, so the Sâ'iqah
(a destructive awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) of disgracing
torment seized them, because of what they used to earn.
18. And We saved
those who believed and used to fear Allâh, keep their duty
to Him and avoid evil.
19. And (remember)
the Day that the enemies of Allâh will be gathered to the
Fire, so they will be collected there (the first and the last).
20. Till, when they
reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and
their skins will testify against them as to what they used to
21. And they will
say to their skins, "Why do you testify against us?"
They will say: "Allâh has caused us to speak, as He
causes all things to speak, and He created you the first time,
and to Him you are made to return."
22. And you have
not been hiding against yourselves, lest your ears, and your eyes,
and your skins testify against you, but you thought that Allâh
knew not much of what you were doing.
23. And that thought
of yours which you thought about your Lord, has brought you to
destruction, and you have become (this Day) of those utterly lost!
24. Then, if they
have patience, yet the Fire will be a home for them, and if they
beg for to be excused, yet they are not of those who will ever
25. And We have assigned
them (devils) intimate companions (in this world), who have made
fair-seeming to them, what was before them (evil deeds which they
were doing in the present worldly life and disbelief in the Reckoning
and the Resurrection, etc.) and what was behind them (denial of
the matters in the coming life of the Hereafter as regards punishment
or reward, etc.). And the Word (i.e. the torment) is justified
against them as it was justified against those who were among
the previous generations of jinns and men that had passed away
before them. Indeed they (all) were the losers.
26. And those who
disbelieve say: "Listen not to this Qur'ân, and make
noise in the midst of its (recitation) that you may overcome."
27. But surely, We
shall cause those who disbelieve to taste a severe torment, and
certainly, We shall requite them the worst of what they used to
28. That is the recompense
of the enemies of Allâh: The Fire, therein will be for them
the eternal home, a (deserving) recompense for that they used
to deny Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
signs, revelations, etc.).
29. And those who
disbelieve will say: "Our Lord! Show us those among jinns
and men who led us astray, we shall crush them under our feet,
so that they become the lowest."
30. Verily, those
who say: "Our Lord is Allâh (Alone)," and then
, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death)
(saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings
of Paradise which you have been promised!
31. "We have
been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the
Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves
desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for.
32. "An entertainment
from (Allâh), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
33. And who is better
in speech than he who [says: "My Lord is Allâh (believes
in His Oneness)," and then stands straight (acts upon His
Order), and] invites (men) to Allâh's (Islâmic Monotheism),
and does righteous deeds, and says: "I am one of the Muslims."
34. The good deed
and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which
is better (i.e. Allâh ordered the faithful believers to
be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat
them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity,
(will become) as though he was a close friend.
35. But none is granted
it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none
is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness
in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral
36. And if an evil
whisper from Shaitân (Satan) tries to turn you away
(O Muhammad SAW)
(from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allâh. Verily,
He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
37. And from among
His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.
Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allâh
Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.
38. But if they are
too proud (to do so), then there are those
who are with your Lord (angels) glorify Him night and day, and
never are they tired.
39. And among His
Signs (in this), that you see the earth barren, but when We send
down water (rain) to it, it is stirred to life and growth (of
vegetations). Verily, He Who gives it life, surely, (He) is Able
to give life to the dead (on the Day of Resurrection). Indeed!
He is Able to do all things.
40. Verily, those
who turn away from Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc. by attacking, distorting and
denying them), are not hidden from Us. Is he who is cast into
the Fire better or he who comes secure on the Day of Resurrection?
Do what you will. Verily! He is All-Seer of what you do (this
is a severe threat to the disbelievers).
41. Verily, those
who disbelieved in the Reminder (i.e. the Qur'ân) when it
came to them (shall receive the punishment). And verily, it is
an honourable respected Book (because it is Allâh's Speech,
and He has protected it from corruption, etc.). (See V.15:9]
42. Falsehood cannot
come to it from before it or behind it (it is) sent down by the
All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allâh ÚÒ æ
43. Nothing is said
to you (O Muhammad SAW)
except what was said to the Messengers before you. Verily, your
Lord is the Possessor of forgiveness, and (also) the Possessor
of painful punishment.
44. And if We had
sent this as a Qur'ân in a foreign language other than Arabic,
they would have said: "Why are not its Verses explained in
detail (in our language)? What! (A Book) not in Arabic and (the
Messenger) an Arab?" Say: "It is for those who believe,
a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there
is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur'ân)
is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place
far away (so they neither listen nor understand).
45. And indeed We
gave Mûsa (Moses) the Scripture, but dispute arose therein.
And had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your
Lord, (the torment would have overtaken them) and the matter would
have been settled between them. But truly, they are in grave doubt
thereto (i.e. about the Qur'ân). [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi,
Vol. 15, Page 370]
46. Whosoever does
righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) his ownself, and
whosoever does evil, it is against his ownself, and your Lord
is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.
47. (The learned
men) refer to Him (Alone) the knowledge of the Hour.
No fruit comes out of its sheath, nor does a female conceive (within
her womb), nor brings forth (young), except by His Knowledge.
And on the Day when He will call unto them (polytheists) (saying):
"Where are My (so-called) partners (whom you did invent)?"
They will say: "We inform You that none of us bears witness
to it (that they are Your partners)!"
48. And those whom
they used to invoke before will fail them, and they will perceive
that they have no place of refuge (from Allâh's punishment).
49. Man (the disbeliever)
does not get tired of asking good (things from Allâh), but
if an evil touches him, then he gives up all hope and is lost
50. And truly, if
We give him a taste of mercy from us, after some adversity (severe
poverty or disease, etc.) has touched him, he is sure to say:
"This is for me (due to my merit), I think not that the Hour
will be established. But if I am brought back to my Lord, Surely,
there will be for me the best (wealth, etc.) with Him. Then, We
verily, will show to the disbelievers what they have done and
We shall make them taste a severe torment.
51. And when We show
favour to man, he withdraws and turns away, but when evil touches
him, then he has recourse to long supplications.
52. Say: "Tell
me, if it (the Qur'ân) is from Allâh, and you disbelieve
in it, who is more astray than one who is in opposition far away
(from Allâh's Right Path and His obedience).
53. We will show
them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until
it becomes manifest to them that this (the Qur'ân) is the
truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is
a Witness over all things?
54. Verily! They
are in doubt concerning the Meeting with their Lord? (i.e. Resurrection
after their deaths, and their return to their Lord). Verily! He
it is Who is surrounding all things!