Home         Articles         Study         Library         History         Heresy         Blogs


Christianity Time Line

c. 4 BC Jesus and John the Baptist are born (many believe Jesus was actually born BC because of a matter involving the Roman Calendar, Lk. 1, 2).  Herod dies and is succeeded by Archelaus.
6 AD Annas becomes High Priest.  Archelaus is deposed by Augustus and replaced by Herod Antipas.
7 AD A young Jesus astounds the priests in the Temple with his wisdom (Lk. 2). 
14 AD Augustus dies and is succeeded by Tiberius as emperor.
15 AD Annas is removed as High Priest and son-in-law Caiaphas eventually succeeds him.
c. 26 AD John the Baptist begins ministry
c. 27 AD (beginning of the 70th week) Jesus begins ministry
c. 30 AD (Middle of the 70th week) (Jesus tells them that "this generation" will not pass before destruction of Jerusalem and not one stone of the Temple will be left standing upon another) Jesus is crucified and resurrected from the dead. (This time table is based primarily on Jesus' birth occurring at 4 BC.  Hence, Jesus would have been 30 years of age when crucified).
c. 34 ---3.5 yrs after Christ (end of 70th week per Daniel 9 the Covenant was confirmed for 7 yrs to the many) Conversion of Paul (Gospel goes to the Gentiles)
c 33-36 AD Steven becomes the first martyr.  It appears that about this same year, Paul is mentioned as persecuting Christians and later becoming a Christian himself (Acts 7, 9). ( 3-1/2 years after Christ is Crucified and resurrected)
c. 44 Martyrdom of James
c. 46-48 Paul's first missionary journey
c. 49 Council of Jerusalem
c. 50-52 Paul's second missionary journey
c. 51-52 First and Second Thessalonians written
c. 53-57 Paul's third missionary journey
c. 57 Letter to the Romans written
c. 59-62 Paul imprisoned in Rome. When Paul finally arrived at Rome, the first thing he did was to summon "the chief of the Jews together" (Acts 28:17) to whom he "expounded and testified the kingdom of God" (Verse 23). But what is amazing is that these chief Jewish elders claimed they knew very little even about the basic teachings of Christ. All they knew was that ‘‘as concerning this sect, we know that everywhere it is spoken against" (Verse 22). Then Paul began to explain to them the basic teachings of Christ on the Kingdom of God. Some believed -- the majority didn’t. It is evident from this that Peter was not in Rome prior to this. Paul is arrested and imprisoned in Caesarea for two years (Acts 22-24). After the rejection of the Jewish elders, Paul remained in his own hired house for two years. During that time he wrote Epistles to the Ephesians, the Philippians, the Colossians, Philemon, and to the Hebrews. And while Paul mentions others as being in Rome during that period, he nowhere mentions Peter. The obvious reason is -- the Apostle to the circumcision wasn’t there.
c. 60 Andrew martyred by crucifixion in Achaia (Greece).
c. 66-67 Second Timothy written
c. 64-66 John exiled on island of Patmos - Writing of Revelation
c. 68 Martyrdom of Paul
70 (end of "this Generation") 40 years from the crucifixion Fall of Jerusalem
c. 96 Clement of Rome's Letter to the Corinthians written
c 96-100 John is believed to have died in Ephesus in 100 AD.  With the death of the apostles, the age of inspiration came to a close (see Jude 3).
c. 120 Didache written
202 Christians persecuted under Septimus Severus
211 Christians tolerated under Emperor Antoninus Caracalla
222 Christians favored Emperor Alexander Severus
230 Origen's On First Principles
235 Christians persecuted under Emperor Maximin the Thracian
238 Christians tolerated under Emperor Gordian III
244 Christians favored under Emperor Philip the Arabian
251 Cyprian's Unity of the Catholic Church
254 Death of Origen
303 Diocletian orders burning of Christian books and churches
312 Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity
313 Edict of Milan establishes official toleration of Christianity
325 Council of Nicea
336 Death of Constantine
354 Birth of Augustine
367 Athanasius lists all 27 books of NT
379 Basil the Great dies
380 Christianity made official religion of Roman Empire
381 Council of Constantinople
386 Augustine converts to Christianity
389 Gregory of Nazianzus dies
395 Gregory of Nyssa dies
c. 400 Jerome's Vulgate (translation of the Greek Bible into Latin)
407 John Chrysostom dies
411 Council of Carthage condemns Donatists
417 Pope Innocent I condemns Pelagianism
420 Death of Jerome
430 Death of Augustine
431 Council of Ephesus
451 Council of Chalcedon
787 Second Council of Nicea
950 Olga of Russia converts to Christianity
1054 Great Schism between East and West
1093 Anselm becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
1095 Council of Clermont: Pope Urban II proclaims First Crusade
1098 Crusaders take Antioch from Turks
1099 Crusaders recapture Jerusalem from Turks
1122 Concordat of Worms
1141 Peter Abelard condemned
1144 Fall of Edessa (crusader state)
1187 Fall of Jerusalem to Turks
1215 Fourth Lateran Council
1309 "Babylonian Captivity" (until 1377)
1337 Hundred Years' War (until 1453)
1378 Great Western Schism (until 1423)
1409 Council of Pisa
1413-14 Lollard rebellion
1415 Council of Constance. Martyrdom of Jan Hus.
1420 Crusade against Hussites
1431 Joan of Arc martyred
1431-49 Council of Basel
1438-45 Council of Ferrara-Florence
1453 Fall of Constantinople to Turks
1478 Spanish Inquisition founded by Ferdinand and Isabella
1483 Birth of Martin Luther
1492 Expulsion of Jews from Spain by Ferdinand and Isabella
1505 Luther becomes a monk

Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses to the Wittenburg Cathedral door at Worms, Germany


Swiss Ulrich Zwingli spreads reform in Zurich


Luther translates the New Testament into German


The Anabaptist Movement begins

1534 Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII establishes the Anglican Church
1536 John Calvin publishes his Institutes of the Christian Religion
1540 Loyola founds Society of Jesus (Jesuits); evangelize heathens
1541 Colloquy of Regensburg
1545 The Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent
1555 Peace of Augsburg
1559 Elizabeth I's Act of Uniformity
1560 John Knox returns to Scotland to establish Presbyterianism
1590 Michelangelo completes the dome of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
1603 Dutch Reformed theologian Arminius emphasizes free will
1610 John Smyth, an Anglican bishop, is credited with starting the Baptist movement in Holland after fleeing persecution in England. At his death the Baptist movement ceased in Holland but the majority of Baptists there returned to England. During this same time the Particular Baptists (Calvinistic) began to grow in England and both began to spread to the USA.
1611 King James Version of Bible published
1618 Dutch Reformed Synod of Dort (TULIP) rejects Arminianism
1636 Harvard College founded to provide New World with ministers

Westminster Confession becomes the definitive Reformed standard for centuries, drafted in London

1647 George Fox founds Quaker movement (the Society of Friends)
1648 End 30 Years’ War between Catholics/Protestants
1652 Dutch Reformed Church of South Africa founded
1700 Slave trafficking from Africa increases dramatically
1706 First American presbytery founded in Philadelphia by Francis Makemie
1720 First Great Awakening begins (Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen arrives in New Jersey)
1726 Gilbert Tennent adopts Frelinghuysen's emphasis on experience
1729 US Presbyterians adopt Westminster Confession -- Beginnings of Methodism, led by John Wesley
1734 Jonathan Edwards joins the Great Awakening
1738 John and Charles Wesley have evangelical conversions, eventually founding Methodism (John Wesley feels his "heart strangely warmed" during a reading of Luther's preface to Romans on Aldersgate Street in London)
1740 The Great Awakening is at its height in America -- George Whitefield arrives; Great Awakening spreads
1741 Presbyterians split Old Side/New Side; reunite 1758
1759 The first Baptist church in Georgia was comprised of those who worshiped on Saturday. The Tuckaseeking Baptist Church (Effingham County) existed only from 1759 to about 1763, when persecution forced its members out of Georgia. No other Seventh-Day Baptist congregation was gathered in Georgia until 1938. Since then, 2 small congregations have struggled for life, 1 of which is extinct. In 1998, the remaining church, located in Paulding County, contained 36 members. Recently it has organized a mission in DeKalb County. Both are affiliated with the Seventh Day Baptist General Conference founded in 1802 and headquartered in Janesville, Wisconsin, a national body sponsoring missionary, educational, and benevolent ministries.
1773 First independent Black Baptist Church in US
1775-1778 The Brethren in Christ Church; origin was near the present town of Marietta in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. For the most part, our founding mothers and fathers had an Anabaptist background and were deeply affected by the revivals of the great awakening of the eighteenth century and the Pietistic movement, which was spread in America by the Moravians and German Baptists. These revivals emphasized a personal, heart-felt conversion experience.
1775 American Wars of Independence begin
1777 The first all-Black congregation in the province was the First African Baptist Church of Savannah. However, most African-American Georgia Baptists prior to the Civil War were slaves forced to hold membership in white-dominated churches.
1780 Robert Raikes launches Sunday School Movement
1783 America wins independence from Britain
1793 William Carey sails for India launching modern Protestant missions -- Louis XVI executed
1791 Arminian Baptists had an organized presence in Georgia in 1791 when the Hebron Baptist Church (Elbert County) was founded. Two other Arminian churches soon followed in Columbia and Hancock counties, the South Carolina-Georgia General Baptist Association existed briefly, and the whole enterprise in that part of the state disappeared about 1797
1794 Zoar United Methodist Church, Philadelphia, was founded in 1794 by eighteen free African-Americans, fifteen men and three women. The founders had separated themselves from the white-dominated St. George's Methodist Episcopal Church but chose to remain in Methodism with its traditions of early opposition to slavery, evangelical style of preaching, and ministering to social needs. The early members first worshipped from house to house, then met in an abandoned butcher shop at Brown and Fourth Streets in the Campingtown area of Philadelphia. Originally known as African Zoar, a church was constructed near the site and dedicated on August 4, 1796 by Bishop Francis Asbury.
1795 Many American churches, beginning with the Baptists, begin divisions over slavery
1797 Second Awakening begins
1798 Pope Pius VI is prisoner of France
1799 Schleiermacher writes Speeches
1801 Cane Ridge Revival
1804 Napoleon becomes emperor
1807 Hegel writes Phenomenology of the Spirit
1808 French occupy Rome
1810 Mexico wins independence
1812-14 British-American War
1814 Reorganization of the Jesuits
1816 American Bible Society established
1822 Schleiermacher writes Christian Faith
1826 American Society for the Promotion of Temperance founded
1830 Joseph Smith produces Book of Mormon
1834 Spanish Inquisition officially abolished
1838 Abolition of slavery in the British Caribbean
1841 David Livingstone to Africa
1845 Methodists and Baptists split over the issue of slavery
1846 Pope Pius IX (until 1878)
1854 Dogma of Immaculate Conception of Mary
1859 Darwin publishes Origin of the Species
1861-65 American Civil War
1861 Presbyterians divide over the issue of slavery
1869 First Vatican Council
1870 Dogma of Papal Infallibility
1872 Moody begins preaching
1875 Mary Baker Eddy writes Science and Health
1882 Neitzsche declares "God is dead"
1895 Five Fundamentals
1900 Freud's Interpretation of Dreams
1906 Azusa Street revival
1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T
1910 World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh
1914 Assemblies of God founded
1914-18 World War I
1917 Russian Revolution
1919 Prohibition passed into law
1925 Scopes "Monkey" trial
1932 Barth's Church Dogmatics
1939 Hitler invades Poland and sparks WWII
1945 Nag Hammadi Library discovered in Egypt;
US drops atomic bombs on Japan
1947 India wins independence from U.K.
1948 World Council of Churches founded
1950 Papal encyclical Humani generis
1956 First issue of Christianity Today
1960 Birth control pill approved by FDA
1961 First human in space
Papal encyclical Mater et Magistra
1962-65 Second Vatican Council
1963 MLK's "I Have a Dream" speech
1968 Papal encyclical Humanae vitae
1969 First man on the moon
1971 Intel introduces the microprocessor
1973 Roe vs. Wade
1987-88 Televangelist scandals
1989 First woman ordained in an apostolic-succession church (the Protestant Episcopal church). Fall of the Berlin Wall.
1997 Birth of the internet

Copyright © 2008 [www.seeking4truth.com]. All rights reserved .Revised: 05/17/2009