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THE

  COMMENTARY

OF

DR. ZACHARIAS URSINUS,

ON THE

HEIDELBERG CATECHISM.

 


TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL LATIN,

BY THE REV. G. W. WILLIARD, A. M.


Reproduction of the

SECOND AMERICAN EDITION,
 

WM. B. EERDMANS PUBLISHING COM.

Grand Rapids             1956            Michigan

 


 

This hypertext version of the
The Commentary of

Dr. Zacharias Ursinus,

on the

Heidelberg Catechism
was prepared by
Tim Naab
(tim@seeking4truth.com)
October, 2010

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Translators Preface

Introduction


GENERAL PROLEGOMENA.

What the doctrine of the church is 1
What the parts of this doctrine are, with their differences 2
In what the doctrine of the church differs from that of other systems of religion, philosophy, &c. 3
By what testimonies the truth of the Christian religion, or the doctrine of the church is confirmed 6
How manifold the method of teaching and learning the doctrine of the church is 9

 

SPECIAL PROLEGOMENA.

What Catechizing is 10
Of the origin of Catechization 11
Of the parts or principal heads of the doctrine of the Catechism 13
Of the necessity of Catechization 14
What the design of Catechism and the doctrine of the church is 16

 

OF TRUE CHRISTIAN COMFORT.

  1. Question 1: What is thy only comfort in life and death?

What Comfort is

 

 

17

The parts of which it consists 18
Why this comfort alone is solid 19
Why it is necessary 20
How this comfort may be obtained 20

 

OF THE MISERY OF MAN.

What it is, and whence it may be known
  1. Question 2: What is thy only comfort in life and death?

  2. Question 3: How many things are necessary for thee to know, that thou, enjoying this comfort, mayest live and die happy?

23
What the law of God requires
  1. Question 4: What doth the law of God require of us?

  2. Question 5: Canst thou keep all these things perfectly?

23

 

OF THE CREATION OF MAN.

  1. Question 6: Did God then create man so wicked and perverse?

 
The state in which man was originally created 27
The end for which God created man 28

 

OF THE IMAGE OF GOD IN MAN.

What it is, and what the parts thereof 30
To what extent it is lost, and what remains 31
How it may be restored in us 32

 

OF THE FALL AND FIRST SIN OF MAN.

  1. Question 7: Whence, then, proceeds this depravity of human nature?

What the sin of our first parents was

 

33

What the causes of it were 34
What the effects thereof 35
Why God permitted it 35

 

OF SIN IN GENERAL.

The proofs of our sinfulness 36
What sin is 37
Original sin, and what it is

39

The proofs of original sin 39
Objections against original sin refuted 40
Actual sin 41
Reigning sin and sin not reigning 44
Mortal and venial sin 44
Sin against the conscience, &c. 45
The sin against the Holy Ghost 47
Rules to be observed in reference to the sin against the Holy Ghost 47

Sin per se, and sin by accident

47
The causes of sin 49
The effects of sin 54

 

THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL.

  1. Question 8: Are we then so corrupt that we are wholly incapable of doing any good, and inclined to all wickedness?

The principal question to be considered in reference to this subject

 

 

56

What the freedom of the will is 57
In what the Liberty which is in God differs from that which is in his creatures, angels and men 58
Whether there be any Freedom of the human will 61
What Liberty belongs to man according to his four-fold state 62
  1. Question 9: The question, whether God does any injustice to man, by requiring from him in his law what he cannot perform, considered

 

66

  1. Question 10: Will God suffer such disobedience and rebellion to go unpunished?

The punishment of sin

 

 

67

  1. Question 11: But is not God also merciful?

How this comports with the mercy of God

 

 

69

 

CONCERNING AFFLICTIONS.

How many kinds of affliction there are 70
A table of the afflictions of man 72
The causes of afflictions 72
Comforts under afflictions 74

 

THE DELIVERANCE OF MAN.

  1. Question 12: Since, then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favor?

In how many ways satisfaction may be made

 

 

77

What the deliverance of man is 78
Whether such a deliverance be possible 73
Whether deliverance be necessary and certain 81
Whether perfect deliverance may be expected 81
How this deliverance is accomplished 82
  1. Question 13: Can we ourselves then make this satisfaction?

The question whether we ourselves can make this satisfaction, considered

 

 

82

  1. Question 14: Can there be found anywhere one, who is a mere creature, able to satisfy for us?

The question whether any mere creature can make satisfaction for us, considered

 

 

84

  1. Question 15: What sort of a mediator and deliverer, then, must we seek for?

What sort of a mediator we must seek for

 

 

84

  1. Question 16: Why must he be very man, and also perfectly righteous?

Why he must be very man and perfectly righteous

 

 

85

  1. Question 17: Why must he in one person be also very God?

Why he must be very God

 

 

87

 

THE DOCTRINE OF THE MEDIATOR.

  1. Question 18: Who, then, is that Mediator, who is, in one person, both very God, and a real righteous man?

What a mediator is

 

 

92

Whether we need a mediator 92
What the office of the mediator is 94
What kind of a mediator is necessary 95
Who this mediator is 95
Whether there can be more than one mediator 96

 

THE COVENANT OF GOD.

What this covenant is 97
Whether it be one or more 98
In what the old and new Covenants agree and differ 99

 

OF THE GOSPEL.

  1. Question 19: Whence knowest thou this?

What the Gospel is

 

 

101

The question, Whether the gospel has always been known, considered 102
In what the Gospel differs from the Law 104
What the effects of the Gospel are 105
From what the truth of the Gospel appears 105
  1. Question 20: Are all men, then, as they perished in Adam, saved by Christ?

The, question, Whether all men as they perished in Adam, are saved in Christ, considered

 

 

106

 

THE SUBJECT OF FAITH.

  1. Question 21: What is true faith?

What faith is

 

 

108

How many kinds of faith there are 108
In what faith and hope differ 112
What the causes of faith are 112
What the effects of faith 113
To whom faith is given 113
The assurance of faith, with a refutation of certain objections 114
  1. Question 22: What is then necessary for a Christian to believe?

The objects or contents of faith

 

 

116

 

THE APOSTLES CREED.

  1. Question 23: What are these articles?

Why it is called apostolic

 

 

117

Why other creeds were introduced 117
Why the greatest authority should be attached to the Apostles Creed 118
  1. Question 24: How are these articles divided?

The division of the Creed

 

 

119

 

CONCERNING THE ONE TRUE GOD.

  1. Question 25: Since there is but one divine essence, why speakest thou of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost?

The evidences of the existence of God

 

 

121

Who, and what God is 123
The unity of God 128
What the terms Essence, Person, and Trinity signify, and in what they differ 129
Whether the church should retain these terms 132
The number of persons in the Godhead 133
How these persons are distinguished 135
Why the church should retain the doctrine of the Trinity 137
Objections against the doctrine of the Trinity refuted 138

 

OF GOD THE FATHER.

  1. Question 26. What believest thou when thou sayest, “ I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of Heaven and Earth?”

What it is to believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker, &c.

 

 

139

 

OF THE CREATION OF THE WORLD.

Whether God created the world 141
How God created the world 143
The end for which God created the world 145

 

THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD.

  1. Question 27. What dost thou mean by the providence of God?

Whether there be any providence of God

 

 

148

Arguments from the works of God 148
Arguments from the nature and attributes of God 150
What the Providence of God is 151
A table of those things which fall under the providence of God 155
Objections to this doctrine refuted 157
  1. Question 28. What dost thou mean by the providence of God?

The benefit and use of this doctrine

 

 

163

 

OF GOD THE SON, AND THE NAMES WHICH ARE APPLIED TO HIM.

CONCERNING THE NAME JESUS.

 

  1. Question 29. Why is the Son of God called Jesus, that is, a Saviour?

What it imports

 

 

164

The difference between this Jesus and other saviours 166
What it is to believe in Jesus 168
  1. Question 30. Do such then believe in Jesus the only Saviour, who seek their salvation and happiness of saints, of themselves, or anywhere else?

The question, Whether such as seek their salvation out of Jesus really believe in him, considered.

 

 

 

168

 

CONCERNING THE NAME, CHRIST.

  1. Question 31. Why is he called Christ, that is, anointed?

What the anointing of Christ signifies

 

170

What the prophetical office of Christ is 172
What the priestly office of Christ is 174
What the kingly office of Christ is 176
  1. Question 32. But why art thou called a Christian?

What the term Christian imports

 

176

What the prophetical, priestly, and regal dignity of Christians consists in 170

 

OF THE ONLY BEGOTTEN SON OF GOD.

  1. Question 33. Why is Christ called the only begotten Son of God, since we are also the children of God?

In what sense Christ is the only begotten Son of God

 

 

181

A table of the Sons of God 183

 

THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST.

Whether Christ was a subsistent or person before he assumed our nature 185
Whether he is a person distinct from the Father and the Holy Ghost 192
Whether he is equal with the Father and the Holy Ghost 193
Whether he is consubstantial 196
General rules according to which an answer may be given to the sophisms of heretics 197
Special rules serving the same ends 198
A refutation of the sophisms against the Divinity of the Son 200

 

CONCERNING THE NAME, LORD.

  1. Question 34. Wherefore callest thou him our Lord?

In what sense Christ is called Lord

 

 

202

In how many ways, and why he is called our Lord 203
What it is to believe in Christ, our Lord 204

 

OF THE CONCEPTION AND NATIVITY OF CHRIST.

  1. Question 35. What is the meaning of these words, “He was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary?”

What Christ's conception by the Holy Ghost means

 

 

205

Why he was born of the Virgin Mary 206
  1. Question 36. What profit dost thou receive by Christ's holy conception and nativity?

The profit of Christ's holy conception and nativity

 

 

207

What it is, to believe in the conception and nativity of Christ 207

 

OF THE TWO NATURES IN CHRIST.

Whether there be two natures in Christ 208
Whether these two natures constitute one or more persons 210
What the hypostatical union is 211
Why it was necessary to constitute this union 211

 

THE SUFFERINGS OF CHRIST.

  1. Question 37. What dost thou understand by he words, “he suffered?”

What the term passion signifies

 

 

212

Whether Christ suffered according to both natures 215
What the moving causes of his passion were 216
What the final causes, or fruits 216
  1. Question 38. Why did he suffer under Pontius Pilate, as his judge?

The question, Why Christ suffered under Pontius Pilate, considered

 

 

217

  1. Question 39. Is there any thing more in his being crucified, than if he had died some other death?

Whether there is any thing more in his being crucified, than if he had died some other death

 

 

218

 

THE DEATH AND BURIAL Of CHRIST.

  1. Question 40. Why was it necessary for Christ to humble himself even unto death?

How Christ is said to have been dead

 

 

219

Whether the death of Christ was necessary 220
Whether Christ died for all 221
  1. Question 41. Why was he also “buried?”

Why Christ was buried

 

 

225

  1. Question 42. Since then Christ died for us, why must we also die?

Why believers must die

 

 

226

  1. Question 43. What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?

The benefits, or fruits of Christ s death

 

 

227

 

CHRIST'S DESCENT INTO HELL.

  1. Question 44. Why is there added, “he descended into hell?”

What Christ's descent into hell signifies

 

 

228

What the fruits of his descent into hell are 232

 

THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST.

  1. Question 45. What doth the resurrection of Christ profit us?

Whether Christ rose from the dead

 

 

233

How Christ rose from the dead 234
Why he rose 235
The fruits or benefits of Christ s resurrection 238

 

THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST.

  1. Question 46. How dost thou understand these words, “he ascended into heaven?”

Whither Christ ascended

 

 

242

How Christ ascended 243
  1. Question 47. Is not Christ then with us, even to the end of the world, as he hath promised?

Certain objections of the Ubiquitarians refuted

 

 

247

  1. Question 48. But if his human nature is not present wherever his God head is, are then these two natures in Christ separated from one another.

For what purpose Christ ascended

 

 

249

In what Christ's ascension differs from ours 251
  1. Question 49. Of what advantage to us is Christ's ascension into heaven?

What the fruits of Christ s ascension are

 

 

251

 

CHRIST'S SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE FATHER.

  1. Question 50. Why is it added, “and sitteth at the right hand of God?

What the right hand of God signifies

 

 

254

What it is to sit at the right hand of God 254
Whether Christ always sat at the right hand of God 257
  1. Question 51. What profit is this glory of Christ, our head, unto us?

What the fruits of Christ s sitting at the right hand of God are

 

259

 

CHRIST'S RETURN TO JUDGMENT.

  1. Question 52. What comfort is it to thee, that “Christ’s shall come again to judge the quick and the dead?”

Whether there be a future judgment

 

 

260

What the final judgment is 262
Who the Judge will be 264
Whence and whither he will come 265
How he will come 265
Whom he will judge 266
What the process, sentence and execution of the final judgment will be 266
The objects of this judgment 267
When this judgment will take place 267
The reasons why we should look for it 268
The reasons why God has not revealed the time when it will take place 268
Why it is deferred 269
Whether it may be desired 269

 

OF GOD THE HOLY GHOST.

  1. Question 53. What dost thou believe concerning the Holy Ghost?

What the term Spirit signifies

 

 

270

Who and what the Holy Ghost is 271
What the office of the Holy Ghost 277
What, and how manifold the gifts of the Holy Ghost are 279
By whom and why the Holy Ghost was given 280
To whom and to what extent he is given 281
When and how the Holy Ghost is given and received 281
How the Holy Ghost may be retained 283
Whether and how the Holy Ghost may be lost 283
Why the Holy Ghost is necessary 284
How we may know that the Holy Ghost is in us 285

 

THE CHURCH.

  1. Question 54. What believest thou concerning the “Holy Catholic Church” of Christ?

What the church is

 

 

286

How manifold it is 286
What the marks of the true church are 288
Why the church is called one, holy and Catholic 289
In what the church differs from the state 291
The cause of the difference between the church and the rest of mankind 292
Whether there is any salvation out of the church 292

 

THE ETERNAL PREDESTINATION OF GOD.

Whether there be any predestination 293
What it is 297
What the causes of it are 297
What the effects of it are 300
Whether it be unchangeable 300
To what extent it may be known 301
Whether the elect are always members of the church and the reprobate never 302
Whether the elect may fall from the church and the reprobate always remain in it 303
What the use of this doctrine is 303

 

THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS.

  1. Question 55. What do you understand by “the communion of saints?”

What the communion of saints is

304

 

THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS.

  1. Question 56. What believest thou concerning “the forgiveness of sins?”

What the forgiveness of sins is

 

 

395

By whom forgiveness of sins is granted 306
On account of what is forgiveness granted 307
Whether forgiveness of sins agrees with divine justice 307
Whether it be gratuitous 308
To whom it is granted 308
How and when it is granted 308

 

THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY.

  1. Question. 57. What comfort doth the “resurrection of the body” afford thee?

Whether the soul be immortal

 

 

309

Where the soul is when separated from the body 311
What the resurrection is, and what the errors in reference to it 312
From what the truth of a future resurrection is inferred 313
The kind of bodies which will rise in the resurrection 315
How the resurrection will be effected 316
When it will take place 316
By whose power the dead will be raised 317
Why and to what state the dead will be raised 317

 

THE LIFE EVERLASTING.

  1. Question 58. What comfort takest thou from the article of “life everlasting?"

What everlasting life is

 

 

319

By whom it is given 321
To whom it is given 321
Why it is given 322
How it is given 322
When it is given 323
Whether and whence we may be assured of it 323

 

THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION.

  1. Question 59. But what doth it profit thee now, that thou believest all this?

  2. Question 60. How art thou righteous before God?

What righteousness in general is

 

 

325

How manifold it is 325
In what righteousness differs from justification 326
What our righteousness before God is 327
How the satisfaction of Christ is made ours 328
Why it is made ours 330
  1. Question. 61. Why sayest thou that thou art righteous by faith only?

Why we are justified by faith only

 

 

 

331

  1. Question. 62. But why cannot our good works be the whole or part of our righteousness before God?

Why our good works cannot justify us

 

 

333

  1. Question 63. What! do not our good works merit, which yet God will reward in this and a future life?

How a reward is promised to our works

 

 

334

  1. Question 64. But doth not this doctrine make men careless and profane?

Whether this doctrine makes men careless

 

 

335

Other objections to this doctrine refuted 336

 

THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL.

  1. Question. 65. Since then we are made partakers of Christ, and all his benefits, by faith only, whence doth this faith proceed?

  2. Question 66. What are the sacraments?

What sacraments are

340

 

341

What the designs of the sacraments 344
In what sacraments differ from sacrifices 345
In what the sacraments of the Old and New Testaments agree and differ 346
What the signs are; and what the things signified in the sacraments, and in what they differ 347
What the sacramental union is 348
What sacramental phrases are 349
What the lawful use of the sacraments consists in 350
What the ungodly receive in the sacraments 351
  1. Question 67. Are both word and sacraments then ordained and appointed for this end, that they may direct our faith to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, on the cross, as the only ground for our salvation?

What the sacraments and word have in common, and in what they differ

 

 

352

  1. Question 68. How many sacraments has Christ instituted in the new covenant or testament?

How many sacraments there are

 

 

353

Theses concerning the sacraments in general 354

 

HOLY BAPTISM.

  1. Question 69. How art thou admonished and assured, by holy baptism, that the one sacrifice of Christ upon the cross is of real advantage to thee?

What Baptism is

 

 

357

What the ends of Baptism are 358
  1. Question 70. What is it to be washed with the blood and Spirit of Christ?

  2. Question 71. Where has Christ promised us that he will as certainly wash us by his blood and Spirit, as we are washed with the water of baptism?

The institution of Baptism, and what the words of the institution signify

361

 

362

What the lawful use of Baptism consists in 363
Sacramental phrases in reference to Baptism
  1. Question 72. Is then the external baptism with water, the washing away of sin itself?

  2. Question 73. Why then doth the Holy Ghost call baptism “the washing of regeneration,” and “the washing away of sins?”

364

365

  1. Question 74. Are infants also to be baptized?

The question of infant Baptism considered

 

366

The objections of the Anabaptists refuted 368
Theses concerning Baptism 371

 

OF CIRCUMCISION.

What circumcision is 374
Why circumcision was instituted 374
Why it was abolished 375
What there is in the place of circumcision 375
In what circumcision and baptism agree and differ 375
Why Christ was circumcised 376

 

THE LORD'S SUPPER.

  1. Question 75. How art thou admonished and assured in the Lord’s supper, that thou art a partaker of that one sacrifice of Christ, accomplished on the cross, and of all his benefits?

What the Lord's Supper is

 

 

377

What the design of it is 379
In what the Lord s Supper differs from Baptism 380
  1. Question 76. What is it then to eat the crucified body, and drink the shed blood of Christ?

The institution of the Supper and the true sense of the words of the institution

381

 

382

  1. Question 77. Where has Christ promised, that he will as certainly feed and nourish believers with his body and blood, as they eat of this broken bread, and drink of this cup?

  2. Question 78. Do then the bread and wine become the very body and blood of Christ?

The controversy respecting the words of the institution of the holy Supper

382

 

 

390

Four classes of arguments in favor of the orthodox interpretation of the words of Christ 391
The testimony of the Fathers 403
Of transubstantiation 406
Of consubstantiation 407
The schism of the Consubstantialists 410
Objections in favor of consubstantiation refuted 412
  1. Question 79. Why then doth Christ call the bread his body, and the cup his blood, or the new covenant in his blood; and Paul the “communion of the body and blood of Christ?”

  2. Question 80. What difference is there between the Lord’s supper and the Popish mass?

The difference between the Lord s Supper and the Popish Mass

415

 

 

416

  1. Question 81. For whom is the Lord’s supper instituted?

For whom the Lord's Supper was instituted

 

424

What the wicked receive in the use of the Supper 426
What the lawful use of the Supper consists in 428
  1. Question 82. Are they also to be admitted to this supper, who, by confession and life, declare themselves infidels and ungodly?

Whom the church should admit to the Supper

 

 

429

Certain arguments of the Consubstantialists noticed 435
The general points in which the churches professing the gospel agree and differ in the controversy respecting the Lord s Supper 435

 

THE PASSOVER.

What the Passover was 437
What the design of the Passover was 438
The points of resemblance between Christ and the Paschal Lamb 439
Whether the Passover be abolished 440

 

THE KEYS OF THE KINGDOM OP HEAVEN.

  1. Question 83. What are the keys of the kingdom of heaven?

What the power of the keys given to the church is

 

441

Whether ecclesiastical discipline be necessary 442
How it is to be exercised 446
What the design of it is, and what abuses are to be avoided 448
In what the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven differs from civil power 450
A disputation respecting excommunication 453

 

OF THANKFULNESS.

What thankfulness is 464
  1. Question 86. Since then we are delivered from our misery, merely of grace through Christ, without any merit of ours, why must we still do good works?

Why it is necessary

465

 

MAN'S CONVERSION TO GOD.

  1. Question 87. Cannot they then be saved, who, continuing in their wicked and ungrateful lives, are not converted to God? 

  2. Question 88. In how many parts doth the true conversion of man consist?

  3. Question 89. What is the mortification of the old man?

  4. Question 90. What is the quickening of the new man?

Whether conversion be necessary

466

467

467

468

What conversion to God is 468
What the parts of man s conversion are 470
What the causes of it 472
What the fruits of it 474
Whether it be perfect in this life 474
In what the repentance of the godly differs from that of the ungodly 475

 

CONCERNING GOOD WORKS.

  1. Question 91. But what are good works?

What good works are

476
A table of good works 479
How they may be performed 479
Whether the works of the regenerate are perfectly good 481
How they please God 482
Why they should be done 482
Whether they merit any thing in the sight of God 485

 

THE LAW OF GOD.

  1. Question 92. What is the law of God?

What the law of God is

 

489

What the parts of the law and their differences 490
To what extent the law has been abrogated 492
In what the law differs from the gospel 497
  1. Question 93. How are these ten commandments divided? 

The division of the law

 

498

A table of the division of the Decalogue 502
General rules for the understanding of the Decalogue 502
Theses concerning the Decalogue 505

 

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 94. What doth God enjoin in the first command? 

The preface to the Decalogue considered

 

507

The design of this commandment 507
The virtues of the first commandment
  1. Question 95: What is idolatry (this question is not in Ursinus commentary)
508

 

 

 

THE SECOND COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 96. What does God require in the second command? 

The design of this commandment

 

517

What it prohibits and sanctions 517
Of human precepts and the authority of tradition 519
  1. Question 97. Are images then not at all to be made?

Whether all statues and images are here forbidden

 

525

Whether all worshipping of images is forbidden 528
  1. Question 98. But may not images be tolerated in the churches, as books to the laity?

Why images are not to be tolerated in our churches

 

 

530

How and by whom they are to be removed 531
Objections against the removal of images refuted 532
The exhortation added to this commandment considered 534

 

THE THIRD COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 99. What is required in the third command?

  2. Question 100. Is then the profaning of God s name by swearing and cursing, so heinous a sin, that his wrath is kindled against those who do not endeavour, as much as in them lies, to prevent and forbid such cursing and swearing?

What the name of God signifies

536

536

 

536

What this commandment forbids, and enjoins, with the design thereof 536
The virtues of this commandment, with the vices opposed thereto 537
The arguments of the Papists in favor of the invocation of the saints considered and refuted 542

 

THE DOCTRINE OF THE OATH.

  1. Question 102. May we also swear by saints, or any other creatures? 

What an oath is

 

549

By whom we are to swear 550
Whether it is lawful for Christians to take an oath 551
What oaths are lawful and what unlawful 554
Whether all oaths should be kept 554

 

THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 103. What doth God require in the fourth command? 

The design of this commandment

 

557

An explanation of the words of the commandment 558
What and how manifold the sabbath is 561
How far the sabbath pertains to us 564
The design of the sabbath 566
How it is sanctified and how profaned 566
The virtues of this commandment, with the vices opposed thereto 567

 

THE ECCLESIASTICAL MINISTRY.

What the ministry of the church is 571
Why it was instituted 571
What the grades of ministers are 572
What the duties of ministers 572
To whom the ministry should be committed 573

 

CONCERNING CEREMONIES.

What ceremonies are 573
In what they differ from moral works 573
How many kinds of ceremonies there are 574
Whether the church may institute ceremonies 574

 

THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 104. What doth God require in the fifth command?

Why obedience to the second table is necessary

 

575

The design of this commandment 575
The commandment itself 575
The promise annexed thereto 576
The virtues peculiar to superiors 577
The virtues peculiar to inferiors 579
The virtues common to both 580

 

THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 105. What doth God require in the sixth command?  

  2. Question 106. But this command seems only to speak of murder.

  3. Question 107. But is it enough that we do not kill any man in the manner mentioned above?

The design of this commandment

584
The virtues which do not injure the safety of men 585
The virtues which contribute to the safety of men 586
A table of the sixth commandment 587

 

THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 108. What doth the seventh command teach us?  

  2. Question 109. Doth God forbid, in this command, only adultery, and such like gross sins?

The design of this commandment

589
The virtues of this commandment 588
Three classes of lusts 589

 

OF MARRIAGE.

What marriage is 592
Why it was instituted 592
What marriages are lawful 596
Whether it be a thing indifferent 594
What the duties of married persons are 594
What things are contrary to marriage 595

 

THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 111. But what doth God require in this command? 

The design of this commandment

 

595

The virtues of the eighth commandment 596
Ten kinds of contracts 596
Objections against the division of property 599

 

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 112. What is required in the ninth command?

The design of this commandment

600
The virtues of this commandment with the vices opposed thereto 601

 

THE TENTH COMMANDMENT.

  1. Question 113. What doth the tenth commandment require of us? 

The commandment respecting concupiscence one and not two

 

605

The design of this commandment 605
The principal arguments of the Pelagians 606

 

THE POSSIBILITY OF OBEDIENCE TO THE LAW.

  1. Question 114. But can those who are converted to God, perfectly keep these commands?

How the law was possible before the fall, and how since the fall

 

 

608

Objections against the imperfection of the works of the regenerate 609

 

THE USE OF THE LAW.

  1. Question 115. Why will God then have the ten commands so strictly preached, since no man in this life can keep them?

The use of the ceremonial law

 

612

The use of the judicial law 612
The use of the moral law in nature as pure and holy 612
In nature fallen and depraved 613
In nature restored by Christ 613
In nature perfectly glorified 615
Principal arguments of the Antinomians against the use of the law 615

 

OF PRAYER.

  1. Question 116. Why is prayer necessary for Christians?

What prayer is

 

619

Why it is necessary 620
  1. Question 117. What are the requisites of that prayer, which is acceptable to God, and which he will hear?

  2. Question 118. What hath God commanded us to ask of him?  

What the conditions of acceptable prayer are

 

621

  1. Question 119. What are the words of that prayer?

The Lord's Prayer

624
  1. Question 120. Why hath Christ commanded us to address God thus, “OUR FATHER?” 

The preface to the Lord s Prayer

  1. Question 121. Why is here added, “WHICH ART IN HEAVEN?”
626

 

THE FIRST PETITION.

  1. Question 122. Which is the first petition?

What the name of God signifies

 

630

What it is to hallow the name of God 630

 

THE SECOND PETITION.

  1. Question 123. Which is the second petition?

What the kingdom of God is

 

632

How manifold it is 633
Who the Head and King is 634
Who the subjects are 634
What the laws are 634
What benefits pertain to the subjects of this kingdom 635
Who the enemies of this kingdom are 635
Where it is administered 635
How long it will continue 635
How it comes to us 636
Why we should pray for the coming of this kingdom 636

 

THE THIRD PETITION.

  1. Question 124. Which is the third petition?

What the Will of God is

637
What we desire in this petition, and in what it differs from the second 637
Why it is necessary 636
Why it is added, As in heaven 640

 

THE FOURTH PETITION.

  1. Question 125. Which is the fourth petition?

Why temporal blessings should be prayed for

 

642

How they should be prayed for 643
Why Christ comprehends temporal blessings under the term bread 643
Why Christ calls it our bread 644
Why Christ calls it daily bread 645
Why Christ adds, This day 645
Whether it be lawful to pray for riches 645
Whether it be lawful to lay any thing by for the time to come 646

 

THE FIFTH PETITION.

  1. Question 126. What is the fifth petition?

What Christ means by debts

 

648

What it is to forgive debts 649
Why we should desire the forgiveness of sins 650
How our sins are remitted unto us 650

 

THE SIXTH PETITION.

  1. Question 127. Which is the sixth petition?

What temptation is

653
What it is to lead into temptation 654
What is implied in delivering us from evil 655
Why this petition is necessary 655
What is the benefit of this petition 656
The order and connection of these petitions 657
  1. Question 128. How dost thou conclude thy prayer?

The conclusion of this prayer.

 

658

Question 129. What doth the word “AMEN” signify?

The meaning of the word, Amen

 

659

 

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